ADHD is apparent in newborns, but say that is evident in childhood, particularly with schooling, affecting up to 10% of children. It is characterized by a difficulty neurological unable to maintain sustained attention versus voluntary activities, both academic and everyday, together with a lack of impulse control.
It is a congenital and genetic nature neurobiological disorder that has to do with brain maturation and neurodevelopment. The disorder is chronic and even say that is still evident in 60-70% of young adults who had ADHD really natural history is not well known, and some doctors argue that is still evident in 100%. In many cases, some symptoms improve, others disappear and, especially, other modified and even qualitatively, if not properly treated, worsen.
What are the symptoms?
From a very global view, the adult present the same symptoms as a child but modified. So, hyperactivity improve, but remain restless, nervous, hiperproductivas and need to be moving or being people always doing something. Those with attention deficit expressed as inconstant people, who leave things half done and they do many things but never finished.
How does it affect the life of an adult?
It can affect in different ways according to the medical condition of the patient and the evolutionary pattern of ADHD in adults.
- Disappearance of symptoms over time: If the patient was diagnosed in childhood and belong more properly addressed to this group. However, very few patients diagnosed and treated, so these cases are rare. In some cases, patients have improved spontaneously without treatment (probably helped by adequate social and family environment and a benign form of the table), and symptoms have not reported dysfunction.
- Young adults who were diagnosed as children: They have comorbid problems (various disorders) which are often responsible for the dysfunction of the patient. These patients may have depressive syndromes, substance use disorder, anxiety, sleep disorders, eating disorder, etc.. These patients are more difficult to treat, but still can do that will improve thanks to treatment.
- Patients with symptoms not treated with difficult evolution: These patients often have a hostile family or social environment and present more serious problems as a comorbid bipolar disorder or conduct disorder. These patients usually are not usually seen by us, but drogodependecias centers or halfway houses.
What is the treatment?
The processing proceeds first to explain to the patient what's wrong and what's happened throughout his life due to a neurodevelopmental disorder which is an illness like any more (psychoeducation). According to the medical condition of the patient we proceed to address it one way or another. Currently, there are several drugs that can really help these people both for ADHD itself to improve many of comorbidities. While it is true that the most responsive to treatment, in general, are those who do not have.
Tips and recommendations
- Do not hesitate to ask for help if you think that there are aspects of your life that need to improve.- Do not rush into decisions. Ponder their actions to avoid taking hasty.- Tips to improve their "memory problems" (agendas, alarms mobile). It is also very important to keep routines so that nothing is left behind and take time off whenever you see that your attention is weakened.