The relatives of the person with brain damage are also directly affected by this disease, which has a great impact on the family. No family is prepared for a brain injury, and the most frequent reactions range from shock, panic, denial, hope and reality , to relative acceptance and adjustment.. Any disease of brain damage causes a crisis in the family , with a change of roles and an alteration of the objectives of that unit.
In a family system affected by this disease, we can locate the figure of the main caregiver, who through his care and work, makes it possible for the patient to continue living in the family environment. Due to the sacrifice and renunciation in many cases of their work, leisure activities or social life, the family and more specifically, the main caregiver, should be helped and assisted .
Assistance to the family
Those who care for the person with brain damage feel that they always have to be available, and their life is turned into a roller coaster of emotions. These family members should receive information, education and support to know how and when to act in such an adverse situation.. In this assistance, forms of intervention such as training, involvement, counseling and family therapy are considered , through a series of guidelines to follow in order to do the best for the patient at all times.
The objective of these programs is to provide families with an understanding of the consequences and changes that brain damage can cause.. It consists of four steps.
The first, meeting point, is a space for interactive information sessions. Here various aspects related to disability are discussed. In the relaxation workshop , on the other hand, it is taught to relax and reduce the emotional and physical stress that the situation entails. Finally, educational and therapeutic aspects are combined in the psychoeducational group, while the information and education groups raise awareness about the consequences of brain damage. All with the aim of improving the quality of life of both the affected person and his family.