Cryotherapy allows one of the objectives of Urology in the XXI century: cure prostate cancer preventing urinary incontinence and sexual impotence.
Prostate cancer is the most common in men and the second deadliest, behind lung cancer. As happens in other cancers, the better and more accurate diagnosis and evolution in treatment is getting cure this disease with fewer side effects -each time-. It is therefore necessary that the cancer is diagnosed early.
Thanks to improved health care and an increasingly early urological consultation, most prostate cancers diagnosed in recent years are tumors in very early stages, affecting less than 5% of the prostate volume .
In addition, it is increasingly frequent use of multiparameter magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which identifies where prostate cancer that may be considered aggressive, and directed biopsy directly to the tumor site is located.
The trend in the removal of the cancer is still the gradual use of "Focal cryotherapy treatment". This technique involves destruction of the tumor by freezing the affected area, leaving intact the rest of the prostate. It can be done without income in Ambulatory Surgery or discharge in the first 24 hours.
Thanks to these three premises: prostate biopsy in initial stages, better location within the prostate gland by MRI, and the use of new treatments with fewer side effects; mortality from prostate cancer is decreasing.