Controlar la hipercolesterolemia, básico para una buena salud

Written by: Dr. Sergi Godia López
Edited by: Patricia Fernández Ramos

Cholesterol is a necessary substance for the realization and regulation of functions such as the formation of bile acids or hormones. However, a high blood cholesterol level is also a risk factor for certain heart diseases.

Hypercholesterolemia occurs when the presence of cholesterol in the blood is above normal standards. This increase is associated with coronary problems, diet, sex and lifestyle.


Causes of hypercholesterolemia

Hypercholesterolemia can occur due to several causes. For example, due to bad eating habits, hereditary causes or liver diseases.

Bad eating habits with an abundant intake of animal fats cause the body to consume previously other nutrients favoring the presence of cholesterol accumulated in the arteries.

The family or hereditary cause is also one of the most significant in this type of pathology. Hypercholesterolemia is caused by a genetic defect that fails to eliminate cholesterol so that these are increasing more and more.

Another cause of hypercholesterolemia is that caused by liver disease .


Types of hypercholesterolemia

Two types of hypercholesterolemia can be distinguished according to the origin or the cause that produces it: primary and secondary.

Primary hypercholesterolemias such as dyslipidemias are caused by different problems with cholesterol and inherited genetic factors.

Secondary hypercholesterolemias : this type of hypercholesterolemia is associated with hepatic, renal and endocrine pathologies.


Clinical tests to diagnose hypercholesterolemia

prevent hypercholesterolemia
The first step to detect hypercholesterolemiais the examination by a specialist in Family Medicine 

Hypercholesterolemia must be diagnosed by a Family Medicine specialist who will perform the screening and establish the blood cholesterol level.

For primary hypercholesterolemia, it will be necessary to detect which factors influence the increase of cholesterol levels (eating habits, family cause, liver diseases or administration of some drug) that favor the development of coronary pathologies.

For secondary hypercholesterolemia, a urinalysis will be performed by reviewing the composition of glucose, alkaline phosphatase and thyrotropin.


How to prevent hypercholesterolemia with good habits

The best way to prevent or control hypercholesterolemia is to maintain good eating habits and moderate exercise about three times a week. The combination of the two actions will contribute to the increase of HDL cholesterol and will reduce the LDL cholesterol.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Sergi Godia López

By Dr. Sergi Godia López
Family Medicine

Dr. Godia López is a renowned Family Physician with extensive experience in healthcare management and management. His extensive academic training includes degrees in Family and Community Medicine and also a Master's Degree in Health Communication 2.0. During his career in Family Medicine he has held positions of responsibility in prestigious medical centers, as well as has founded new health care projects. In addition, Dr. Godia combines clinical practice with teaching, being a professor at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lleida and teaching various courses for medical professionals.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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