Varicose veins: symptoms, types and treatments

Written by: Dr. Xavier Puncernau
Published: | Updated: 25/08/2022
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Varicose veins are one of the pathologies that -like warts in dermatology- are seen. But beyond visual detection there are a series of symptoms that alert us to its appearance, basically: fatigue, heaviness, leg cramps and, above all, swelling at the level of the ankles and feet , especially in months of heat and late in the day. As soon as these symptoms appear, you should go to the specialist. Also when there are visible veins although no symptoms are detected, because the problem of varicose veins is that many times they do not bother but they are there and can cause serious complications.

Type of varicose veins and treatment

In a very general way we can say that there are two types of varicose veins in the legs. The fat varicose veins that are like laces that bulge under the skin and that are seen to bulge. These are varicose veins whose most effective and most effective treatment has been shown to be surgical treatment, laser surgery .


There are two types of varicose veins on legs


Another type is identified as veins that are smaller, spill-like , but that would end up becoming the type of previous varicose veins if they were left. In these cases that are not properly varicose but are unsightly we also treat them with laser, since it is also proven to be the safest and most effective treatment. Although it is done with a type of transdermal laser that passes over the skin following that vein and drying those small spills.

There is a third type of varicose veins, more unknown, which are the pelvic varicose veins that are generated within a pelvis, usually with pregnancies. This type of varicose veins can be removed without surgery , simply with a small catheterization at the level of the groin can dry these veins that form around the uterus, the ovaries ...

Without income

The three processes and in most cases do not require any type of income. Both laser surgery and transdermal laser treatment, as well as catheterization for varicose veins in the pelvis, can all be done on an outpatient basis. Except in the first type of varicose veins and when these are in both legs, and also very extensive, then they can be operated at the same time but it is advisable to spend a night in the clinic.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Xavier Puncernau

By Dr. Xavier Puncernau
Vascular Surgery

He is the cofounder of the company Angio Vascular Projects, dedicated to the study, research and treatment of vascular disease. He is also co-founder of the technique of laser surgery for varicose veins ELAV. He has a long career and more than 40 scientific publications in specialized journals.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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