Malocclusion is the misalignment of teeth between them or the way in which the upper and lower teeth fit together. Most people have some type of malocclusion, but usually not serious enough to be treated.
Prevent severe malocclusion treating childhood
In the case of children, there are signs that need to go to a specialist. The most common are the upper teeth do not occlude with the lower, ie, there is a gap between the upper and lower teeth (open bite) or the upper teeth occlude the inside of the lower (crossbite). In severe cases, it can be seen that the child or chin is very sharp or very retruded.
If no action is taken, child malocclusion can lead to malocclusion at the end of growth, which would require more complex treatments and even in more severe cases, the need for surgery to reposition the jaw, also called orthognathic surgery.
Although it is not always possible to prevent malocclusion, there are certain habits that need to be removed to try to correct, such as a pacifier, finger sucking or chewing objects among others. Adenoids or adenoids that force mouth breathing are another common causes that may be necessary to correct.
Treatment of malocclusion in children
It is recommended that the first review by the specialist in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is made about two years with the aim of detecting the lack of eruption of a tooth, early tooth decay and dental malocclusion beginning to be visible from 24 months. After the first visit, they should conduct periodic reviews every six months.
In its early years, children have the so-called primary teeth, commonly known as milk teeth. At this stage, suffice suppression of harmful habits before the three years to correct most malocclusions. Once the child has begun to change teeth, malocclusion persist if removable appliances (removable) would be placed to correct problems taking advantage of growth. However, once it has reached the definitive teething, most dental malocclusions are solved by applying orthodontic fixed appliance.