Treat malocclusion or bite problems in children

Written by: Dr. Carlos Concejo Cútoli
Published: | Updated: 15/11/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Malocclusion is the misalignment of teeth between them or the way in which the upper and lower teeth fit together. Most people have some type of malocclusion, but usually not serious enough to be treated.


Prevent severe malocclusion treating childhood

In the case of children, there are signs that need to go to a specialist. The most common are the upper teeth do not occlude with the lower, ie, there is a gap between the upper and lower teeth (open bite) or the upper teeth occlude the inside of the lower (crossbite). In severe cases, it can be seen that the child or chin is very sharp or very retruded.

If no action is taken, child malocclusion can lead to malocclusion at the end of growth, which would require more complex treatments and even in more severe cases, the need for surgery to reposition the jaw, also called orthognathic surgery.

Although it is not always possible to prevent malocclusion, there are certain habits that need to be removed to try to correct, such as a pacifier, finger sucking or chewing objects among others. Adenoids or adenoids that force mouth breathing are another common causes that may be necessary to correct.


Treatment of malocclusion in children

It is recommended that the first review by the specialist in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is made about two years with the aim of detecting the lack of eruption of a tooth, early tooth decay and dental malocclusion beginning to be visible from 24 months. After the first visit, they should conduct periodic reviews every six months.

In its early years, children have the so-called primary teeth, commonly known as milk teeth. At this stage, suffice suppression of harmful habits before the three years to correct most malocclusions. Once the child has begun to change teeth, malocclusion persist if removable appliances (removable) would be placed to correct problems taking advantage of growth. However, once it has reached the definitive teething, most dental malocclusions are solved by applying orthodontic fixed appliance.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Carlos Concejo Cútoli
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Doctor cum laude in Medicine and Surgery by the University of Navarra. He is a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery with a diploma from the European Board. He completed his training at California Center for Corrective Jaw Surgery and Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. He was founder and director of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University of Navarra Clinic. It is considered a reference in the management and application of computer programs for the planning of Orthognathic Surgery and Implantology. Member of the European and International Societies of Maxillofacial Surgery. He is currently a specialist and co-director of the Cross Clinic in Navarra and member of the Editorial Board of the Spanish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. It has been "Top Doctors Award" of 2015 that distributes the 10 most recommended specialists.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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