One out of two people will suffer hemorrhoids throughout his life. However, this condition can occur in a very different severity level and only 10% of patients need surgery. The problem is that "the vast majority of patients do not go to consultation until the pain becomes very acute , " explains Dr. José Perea Garcia, general surgeon expert coloproctology. "At the first symptoms such as itching, burning, bleeding or discomfort when going to the bathroom you have to go to specialist then treated early, most cases are resolved with medical treatment without surgery, but self-medication can only worsen hemorrhoids "says the doctor.
Symptoms and Treatment
Anyone can develop hemorrhoids but is most common between 45 and 65 years, and there are certain risk factors such as pregnancy, constipation or family history of vascular problems. "There are various degrees, from acute and more severe than has pain, prolapse and thrombosis and that must be addressed with urgency and chronic cases with repeated episodes with itching or burning and is important to try not to get worse," adds Dr. Perea.
Hemorrhoid surgery is the last option for colorectal surgeons who choose the. "First you have to resort to treatment with hygienic measures, high-fiber diet and bathrooms with warm water, accompanied by drugs that strengthen veins and specific ointments. Steroid use ointments than 2 days should be avoided or because they do not solve hemorrhoids itself, or if there is a fissure associated, it will get worse. "
If these measures do not stop the disease Dr. Joseph Perea recommended medical treatment with elastic band or sclerosis. "The band is very effective in mild cases, it strangles the hemorrhoid emptying and is less likely to occur again."
The most serious cases it should be operated. "Recent advances in hemorrhoid surgery are focused on employing techniques to improve postoperative discomfort". Surgery without points, guided by Doppler ultrasound or laser.
Care after surgery
Depending on the type of hemorrhoids, postoperative be longer or shorter: "It is true that discomfort suffer after surgery, but for patients with acute hemorrhoids these are lower than the pain of the disease," concludes Dr., insisting that not all hemorrhoids be treated, only those with symptoms.