One possible pathologies that might our ear is otitis media, ie, inflammation of the middle ear. The cause of this problem may be due to a cold, allergy or infection of the upper respiratory tract caused by bacteria or viruses. Symptoms due to a buildup of pus or mucus in this part of the ear are severe pain and swelling.
What is a tympanoplasty
The middle ear surgery, also called intervention in Otorhinolaryngology Tympanoplasty is the technique used to treat the origin and consequences of chronic otitis media. In this procedure a cleaning of the tympanic cavity (it airs) is performed and a reconstruction of the tympanic membrane is made and if possible, ossicles.
If the technique is performed correctly and the patient meets all your doctor's instructions, it is expected that an improvement of hearing occurs, the patient has the possibility to wet the ear and discharge boxes are avoided.
Risks of tympanoplasty
In general, complications are rare. If you made a cut behind the ear, you may see a temporary or permanent basis, a certain numbness or numbness of the ear. Despite conducting an impeccable technique it is possible that not close perforated eardrum, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo and / or hearing loss worsens appear. When using prosthesis, the possibility that rejection occurs.
As with any surgery there is the possibility of developing the complications of any surgery and those related to general anesthesia.
Recommendations before and after surgery
The patient must remain under house rest the first three days after surgery and avoid physical exertion such as lifting weights. You do not drive any vehicles or you can use dangerous machinery until after 72 hours of intervention. If pain when chewing avoid eating hard foods. Under no circumstances should wet the ear or wash the head until your doctor tells you to. It is possible that the patient gets to have some dizziness of mild or moderate hum. It is customary not have perfect hearing or resonance of his own voice.
It is advisable to make head movements smoothly without abrupt actions, especially when getting up and lying down. Sneeze without covering your nose and mouth open, if you want to blow your nose, do it gently and side each time.
For any alteration or anomaly described above, you should always consult your doctor.