All you need to know about the extraction of wisdom teeth

Written by: Dr. Fernando Fernández Cáliz
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The extraction of wisdom teeth is one of the most common queries in oral surgery. In many cases this operation is necessary to prevent damage to other teeth and maintain oral health, but it is the patient who has the last word to decide whether to wisdom teeth removed. Thus, it is very important that the maxillofacial surgeon knows report on the operation and the reasons to do it.


Surgery to remove the wisdom teeth, requires general anesthesia?

toothache Extractions of wisdom teeth, commonly known as wisdom teeth extraction, with or without surgery, are performed routinely in the dental clinic, ideally to be carried out by a specialist in oral surgery. Specifically extractions of wisdom teeth are usually carried out in the same act the upper and lower side thereof, and spent about two or three weeks performed by the other side. Thus the four wheels are removed in a short time, but always leaves a free hand to facilitate the functions of chewing and speech.


What anesthesia is used in the extraction of wisdom teeth?

In a high percentage of cases, general anesthesia is not necessary. Only it is used when the degree of surgical or commitment is very high in patients with difficulty handling. By resorting to general anesthesia should be performed in a hospital environment and a professional specialist in anesthesiology.


The patient decides whether wisdom teeth extracted

Wisdom teeth do not always cause pain. Therefore, the patient must be informed by a dentist or oral surgeon about the reasons for removing wisdom teeth. The main reasons why it is recommended to perform this surgery are:

  • Typically, besides not having any function and not having enough space in the jaw, in most cases they are causing problems in neighboring teeth and often also the cause of periodontal problems.
  • In many cases, to perform some dental treatments is essential to remove wisdom teeth.

Always the patient who decides to perform the extraction will be.


How long will the patient to normal life?

After performing extractions, the recovery period the patient will depend on whether the procedure has been with or without surgery:

  • If you have been without surgery, dental hygiene instructions and the patient usually you will not feel pain or inflammation. In these cases it can be incorporated into your normal life immediately, with the condition not to exercise strenuously in a few days.
  • If you have been surgical tooth extractions, the patient will take antibiotics and anti - inflammatory as prescription and given thorough instructions dental hygiene.

Depending on the degree of complexity of the operation is normal to feel some discomfort and swelling during the first few days, which shall forward to taking anti - inflammatories and painkillers, allowing a normal life from day one , but with the swollen face. In any case strong or intense exercise should be done until the withdrawal of the points, seven to ten days after dental surgery.


What other surgeries can be performed in your mouth?

The specialist in oral surgery addresses a wide variety of surgical procedures, especially when part of a well coordinated interdisciplinary team which solution is given to the full range of dental and oral treatments.

Thus, in addition to the field of implantology and bone regeneration, are interventions in the department of oral surgery the apiceptomías, removal of infected teeth, the odontectomies, placement of micro - implants for orthodontic fenestrations for canines find included and subsequent orthodontic traction ...

In short, the entire oral surgery than soft tissue, as these operations are a more concrete periodontist field.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Fernando Fernández Cáliz

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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