In recent years, campaigns have increased sun protection for our skin, but they have not been moved to another very sensitive to the sun side, eyes. In the countries of the Mediterranean area, where there is greater exposure to this type of radiation they have been detected more cases of damage to the retina, lens and ocular surface. As the first layer exposed to the weather, this section of the eye is the most affected due to solar radiation.
In the words of Dr.. Marta Pazos, an ophthalmologist specializing in glaucoma macular Institut, "all structures of children in formation and, therefore, are more sensitive to light, from the skin of the eyelid to the eye itself, as these consisted a transparent structure, no protection ". "In the absence of a filter, such as skin, the light passes directly and can affect any part of the eye, from the cornea to deeper parts, such as the retina."
During prolonged sun exposure they can produce severe eye injury. As with the skin, this part of our body has memory and accumulates throughout life attacks it has received, especially during childhood. That is why it is so important to take care of our children view. Otherwise, our vision can develop cataracts, AMD, and different types of cancer over 70 years of age.
To protect our children's vision of solar radiation, the most important thing is to inculcate the habit of putting sunglasses and using a wide-brimmed hat. The choice of a good pair is a key detail for viewing. In the case of children, Dr.. Pazos stressed that "it is essential that the glasses fit the anatomy of the small, to be subject well back and snagging the bridge of the nose so that there are no gaps through which light is strained."
The seasons in which special attention is required are the summer, even when the sky is cloudy, as these do not filter out ultraviolet rays. And in winter it is important to be careful in the offshore areas, in places where snow for example, because it can have a mirror effect and bounce to the sun in our eyes.