Periodontics is the dental treatment that involves correcting hygiene techniques to control plaque and removing the triggers of the same, which are the dental calculus or tartar and periodontal pockets.
Currently, given the development of implantology, periodontics also has the role of prevention and treatment of diseases periimplant. Perimplantitis is the infection of the tissues that are around a dental implant, which can cause deterioration and loss of bone supporting the implant.
Finally, periodontics also includes mucogingival surgery, which is the specialty of dentistry that deals with the root coverage and gingival increase in cases of default or lack of gum.
When you need a periodontics
Bad habits of oral hygiene, poor brushing technique, smoking, etc ... Cause accumulation of food debris and other irritants that favor the proliferation of bacteria that produce chemicals that inflame and irritate the gums. Its main symptoms are: frequent bleeding gums when brushing mostly, tooth mobility and bad breath.
Differences between periodontics and endodontics
Periodontics is the specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the tissues that support the tooth bodies (gums, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone).
However, endodontics main objective is the preservation of those teeth that have been altered vitality either by decay or trauma and involves the removal of the dental pulp and subsequent sealing of the root canal.
What are the risk factors for gum?
The main risk factors are:
- Absence of proper oral hygiene and professional care.
- genetic predisposition
- Alcohol consumption and snuff
- Misplaced teeth, misaligned fillings, etc.
- Diseases such as diabetes
- Certain drugs that increase the inflammatory response of the gingiva.
How you can prevent disease in this area?
The best way to prevent gum disease is to maintain proper oral hygiene, to control the levels of dental plaque, but in predisposed people, despite proper oral hygiene, the disease may tend to occur. Personal oral hygiene should be accompanied by regular dentist or periodontist reviews so you can make an early diagnosis of the disease if it is present.