What is the technique of artificial insemination?
Artificial insemination consists of facilitating the encounter of the male and female gametes within the internal genital apparatus of the woman. Sperm are deposited inside the uterus at the time that ovulation is occurring.
In which cases is the use of this technique of assisted reproduction indicated?
The technique is indicated in cases of sterility of unknown origin, in ovulatory dysfunctions, when there are factors related to cervical mucus , subfertility of male origin (mild oligospermia), inability to deposit sperm in the vagina or to prevent sexually transmitted diseases .
How is the couple prepared to start the process?
Ovarian stimulation with drugs is usually required for several days. To do this, ultrasound controls are required to determine the best time to schedule insemination .
How is insemination done? Does it cause discomfort?
To perform the insemination the sperm are deposited in the uterus through a thin catheter that is passed through the cervix.
It is usually a simple technique, except when there is a problem in the cervix , cases in which you may notice some discomfort.
What factors determine the success of this technique?
As in the rest of the techniques of assisted reproduction , the factors that condition the success of artificial insemination are fundamentally the age of the woman as well as the quality of the semen .