Ozone therapy is a treatment involving the infiltration of ozone in the painful area, through different routes. The effects of ozone therapy for alleviating pain by acting as anti-inflammatory and analgesic, cytokines regulate or improve perfusion of oxygen.
Managing ozone therapy in areas with pain
How to manage ozone therapy depends on the anatomical area that is administered. Most often it done by intraarticular; ie the interior of painful joints. However, it can also be administered intramuscularly, paravertebral, subcutaneous, and intradiscal in tendon sheaths.
Ozone therapy specialist usually uses very small gauge needles to administer ozone in those structures, requiring larger diameter needles only via the epidural and disc.
Effect of ozone therapy on the painful area
Ozone therapy has an effect:- Anti - inflammatory and analgesic through decreasing prostaglandins (responsible for inflammatory phenomena and pain)- Regulation of cytokines (involved in osteoarthritis)- Regenerative and oxidizing action, to act on free radicals- To improve oxygen perfusion of tissues affected
Dolores treatable with ozone therapy
With ozone therapy can be addressed all the pains of inflammatory properties in joints, tendons, fascia, etc.. In this sense, it can be treated, eg osteoarthritis of the knee, shoulder, hip, foot, hand, various tendonitis (elbow, shoulder, foot, hand), plantar fasciitis, trochanter, among others.
Likewise, also they are treated radicular pain and lumbar back pathologies, such as hernias, displacement or vertebral canal stenosis.
They are also treatable pain with muscle involvement Fibromialgia derivatives, for example.
Benefits of ozone therapy over other techniques
Ozone therapy has numerous benefits, compared with other techniques, such as corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid.
Regarding steroids:- No weakens the ligaments and tendons- You can not form crystals that may worsen pain (yes with corticosteroids)- Improved local oxygenation (necessary in patients with hip necrosis)- Does not alter the stability of other medical conditions (diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis, obesity, anxiety disorders, gastric disorders)- No limit on the number of applications- Infiltration is less painful, since the needles are thinner
Regarding hyaluronic acid:- It is better tolerated because it does not cause pain when injected or during the period of absorption- No painful reactions triggered by drug intolerance- Less pain by using thinner needle
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante