Osteosynthesis can be defined as all that technique using implants get repair fractured bone tissue. The implants used are usually made in a titanium alloy, the material has a density and physical properties of bending strength and very similar to those of bone tissue.
Anatomical titanium implants
Currently biomaterials development by the industry has developed implants that resemble the anatomical shape of the individual bones and are ideally suited to be implanted where. In addition, titanium has the property that it encompasses the surrounding tissue and friction with neighboring structures such as tendons are avoided. The implants do not have to be removed if not bother the patient.
Minimally invasive osteosynthesis (IMO) plates
A few years ago he began to implant a new and totally revolutionary in osteosynthesis of fractures of the extremities concept: Minimally invasive osteosynthesis (IMO) plates. After establishing new plates with locking systems for screws and adaptable anatomical shapes for each bone, the bone was very minimally invasive surgery and damage to the tissues that cover the bone began.
Thus with small incisions, which can range from 1-5 cm, got treat complex fractures of long bones of the body without making large wounds, and respecting the tissues surrounding the broken bone so the postoperative period is more tolerable than large incisions that had to do before.
New biomaterials for the future
These techniques can be complex fractures of long bones such as the tibia, femur or humerus. In the humerus (arm) develop technical IMO during the first decade of this century, many having already intervened patients with excellent results. The future will bring us the arrival of biomaterials fully compatible with the human being who will be riding between biology and new materials.