Back pain, types and causes

Written by: Dr. Javier Garcia Miguel
Published: | Updated: 17/11/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

It is known as back pain or lumbago located in the lower back pain, ie, in the lower back. There are two types of back pain: mechanical and inflammatory.

lumbago Mechanical back pain is one in which back pain worsens with movement and is made ​​better when resting. Usually the main symptom of other conditions such as lumbar osteoarthritis, muscle spasms, the disc degeneration, the narrow spinal canal or vertebral fractures in advanced cases of osteoporosis. By contrast, the inflammatory back pain is one that improves with movement and worsens with rest. This type of back pain, as specialists say Rheumatology , can sometimes prevent nocturnal rest patient. It is a characteristic of autoimmune diseases such as, for example, symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis.


Causes of low back pain

The primary cause of low back pain is mechanical overload, which usually occurs on a column with degenerative signs incipient or established. There may be a component of muscle strain. Another cause for this type of back pain is spinal osteoporotic fracture, you need a more complex treatment.

As for the inflammatory back pain, it can occur mainly by diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis or psoriatic arthritis. The aim of treatment in these cases is to suppress inflammation.


How can you prevent low back pain?

The diagnosis is obtained by a complete physical examination and performing additional tests, like X-rays, MRI or blood tests. Weight control is important because despite the less the person, less axial level present load column.

The treatment of low back pain vary depending on the source of back pain.


Difference between low back pain and sciatica

Low back pain and sciatica are different concepts. While back pain refers to a localized pain in the lower back, sciatica is lumbar pain irradiated to a lower limb. The most common cause of sciatica is the presence of a herniated disc compressing the nerve root output.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Javier Garcia Miguel

Dr. Javier García Miguel is a specialist in Rheumatology with more than 15 years of experience. His academic career is outstanding, being a Researcher Fellow at the prestigious University Hospital of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, USA) and having a Doctorate in Internal Medicine with a 'Cum Laude' qualification from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. He is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, connective tissue, gout and osteoporosis. He also has advanced knowledge of musculoskeletal ultrasound and the specialist certification in Clinical Densitometry of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry. He is currently a rheumatologist at the Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor in Barcelona.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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