Back pain, types and causes

Written by: Dr. Javier Garcia Miguel
Published: | Updated: 24/02/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

It is known as back pain or lumbago located in the lower back pain, ie, in the lower back. There are two types of back pain: mechanical and inflammatory.

lumbago Mechanical back pain is one in which back pain worsens with movement and is made ​​better when resting. Usually the main symptom of other conditions such as lumbar osteoarthritis, muscle spasms, the disc degeneration, the narrow spinal canal or vertebral fractures in advanced cases of osteoporosis. By contrast, the inflammatory back pain is one that improves with movement and worsens with rest. This type of back pain, as specialists say Rheumatology , can sometimes prevent nocturnal rest patient. It is a characteristic of autoimmune diseases such as, for example, symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis.


Causes of low back pain

The primary cause of low back pain is mechanical overload, which usually occurs on a column with degenerative signs incipient or established. There may be a component of muscle strain. Another cause for this type of back pain is spinal osteoporotic fracture, you need a more complex treatment.

As for the inflammatory back pain, it can occur mainly by diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis or psoriatic arthritis. The aim of treatment in these cases is to suppress inflammation.


How can you prevent low back pain?

The diagnosis is obtained by a complete physical examination and performing additional tests, like X-rays, MRI or blood tests. Weight control is important because despite the less the person, less axial level present load column.

The treatment of low back pain vary depending on the source of back pain.


Difference between low back pain and sciatica

Low back pain and sciatica are different concepts. While back pain refers to a localized pain in the lower back, sciatica is lumbar pain irradiated to a lower limb. The most common cause of sciatica is the presence of a herniated disc compressing the nerve root output.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Javier Garcia Miguel

Featured rheumatologist with over 15 years experience. He is an expert in rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia and ankylosing spondylitis. Also, have advanced knowledge of musculoskeletal ultrasound. His academic career is highlighted as we perform Researcher Fellow in the Laboratory for Structural NMR Imaging in a prestigious university in Philadelphia and has a PhD in Internal Medicine with qualification \' Cum Laude \'. He is currently medical rheumatologist at the Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor de Barcelona.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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