Breast milk is clearly more recommendable than artificial milk and should be the exclusive food during the first 6 months. It should be, therefore, the main food during the first year of life, although from 6-7 months it is normal to introduce complementary feeding in a progressive way, being able to continue breastfeeding until 2 years .
Despite the benefits of breastfeeding, we must not lose sight of the fact that breastfeeding can cause some problems such as nipple pain, in this case the posture must be corrected so that the baby does not suck only the tip. It can also cause discomfort in hard and painful areas due to obstruction of the ducts - which are resolved with local heat, massage, milk extraction and some analgesic - and, finally, mastitis.
When you can not breastfeed
Practically all mothers can breastfeed, since most incidences in breastfeeding can be corrected. Although there are complicated cases in which breastfeeding can put the mother or child at risk of disease such as: maternal cancer that needs immediate treatment or active tuberculosis. In addition, we must consider that some drugs pass into breast milk and are toxic to the baby, in cases of some congenital diseases , diseases of the newborn or refusal of the mother to breastfeed, this is perhaps the main cause that must be respected totally. When it is impossible to give breast milk the best option is artificial lactation, first with milk start until 4-6 months.
Regarding lactating colic, they occur in 10-20% of normal infants, between the 2nd and 4th week and in the third month. If they occur with breastfeeding: I recommend regulating the rhythm of taking , check if there is adequate weight gain, withdraw drugs and exciting the mother. When artificial lactation is used, the first suspicion is an intolerance to cow's milk proteins , and it may also be due to the fact that the mother-child relationship in the intakes is not well regulated.. In any case, the most important thing is to explain to the parents what it is about, to ensure the benign nature of the painting and to give them support.