Oculoplastic Surgery is the subspecialty of ophthalmology that treats the problems of the eyelids, the orbit, and the lacrimal pathway, also encompassing a wide variety of facial rejuvenating treatments, whether surgical or blepharoplasty, such as botulinum toxin .
The eyelids are essential to protect the eyeball and preserve an adequate visual function. A wide variety of diseases can develop in them and their functionality as well as their aesthetic appearance can be threatened.
Eyelid malpositions such as ectropion (eyelid facing outwards), entropion (eyelid with eyelashes that grow towards the eye), palpebral ptosis (drooping eyelid) and tumors that can be benign or malignant lesions of the eyelids are the most frequent pathologies that We treat the oculoplastic surgeons mostly through surgical techniques performed under local anesthesia.
Oculoplastic Surgery also includes blepharoplasty. The so-called bags that appear with age give us an appearance of premature aging or of little rested that nowadays can be improved enormously in a safe way. Cosmetic eyelid surgery has a very natural rejuvenating effect without causing drastic changes in its image and without visible scars.
The orbit is the bony cavity that protects the eyeball. Inside you will find muscles, fat, nerves and blood vessels that can suffer pathological changes. The oculoplastic surgery treats two pathologies that affect the orbit:
Thyroid orbitopathy. Patients with exophthalmos ( bulging eye ) and palpebral retraction due to this disease require highly specialized and multidisciplinary care to control their disease.
The ocular loss. The psychological impact of patients who have suffered the loss of an eye influences the different areas of daily life. In order to implant ocular prostheses , which will be of great help to recover the state of mental health necessary to continue the psychic and intellectual development of the person, we must replace the orbital content by means of techniques known as evisceration or enucleation. With the current materials available for prostheses, the vast majority of cases these prostheses go completely unnoticed successfully recovering a clean look without scars.
Problems of the lacrimal way
Involuntary tearing is a very frequent reason to consult with the ophthalmologist in both adults and pediatric patients. Although the clinical manifestations are similar, the therapeutic approach is very different depending on the accompanying symptoms and the age of the patient.
Excessive tearing is one of the main reasons for consulting an oculoplastic surgeon. Not only because of the discomfort of having to wipe the tears continuously but because of the increased risk of contracting infections and the deterioration in visual quality that occurs in these cases. The obstructions of the lacrimal pathway as well as the rest of the causes that can cause lacrimation must be resolved using the most personalized and least invasive techniques required by each case.
Advances in oculoplastic surgery
Oculoplastic surgery is a subspecialty that proposes in the vast majority of cases surgical solutions. Therefore, the most recent advances in this field are focused on the appearance of increasingly sophisticated, lightweight and biocompatible materials, as well as increasingly less invasive surgical approaches.. The new devices of intubation of the lacrimal route that ensure its permeability as well as a laser device to treat obstructions of the lacrimal duct are the most outstanding in terms of its minimal invasiveness.