The internal and external hemorrhoidal plexuses are a set of veins found within the submucosa of the anus and rectum that are present in the entire population. These plexuses are helpful in the mechanism of defecation.If you increase the size you can have various symptoms, such as bleeding and anal pain. Hemorrhoids can occur at any age and usually affect both women and men.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
The main causes of hemorrhoids are constipation and in general all those mechanisms that increase the pressure at the time of making bowel movements, either the same standing, pregnancy, etc.
There are other factors that favor the development of hemorrhoids such as congenital tissue weaknesses leading to weakening of the sphincter.
Treatment of hemorrhoids
Depending on the symptoms and grade, hemorrhoids are treated with different methods, from the simple intake of fiber supplements to hemorrhoidectomy or removal of hemorrhoidal plexuses through more conservative techniques.Grade IV hemorrhoids (the most severe) can cause severe anemia syndromes and, when they should be removed because of their size, can cause significant pain during the immediate postoperative period.For this reason they should be prevented as much as possible, or treated by non-aggressive techniques such as elastic band ligation.It is necessary to use a specialist in General Surgery to make a diagnosis of the condition of the hemorrhoid