It is believed that fibromyalgia is a genetic alteration that produces pain hypersensitization to. That is, the / the patient suffers pain stimuli perceived as normal people do not perceive them as such.
It has been observed that there is an increased risk of developing heart failure if you have a family history (mother / siblings with the disease).
It is much more common in women than in men, with a ratio of seven to one.
Symptoms of fibromyalgia
The most common and most disabling symptoms of fibromyalgia are 3:
- Feeling of fatigue and tiredness
- Feeling of sadness.
A symptom may predominate over the other, one and only occur after a time associated with another, etc.
Along with fatigue, pain is the most disabling symptom. This pain is located in multiple regions and generally respect the night rest. Maintained worsens with activity and lack of rest, and in cold environments.
How evolves over time this pain?
The pain worsens and improves seasonal, depending on physical activity, emotional state of the patient (more stress situations will worsen pain), cold environments, etc.. If left untreated it can become very disabling for the person.
Although you can locate in multiple regions, the most common are the cervical region, the back-lumbar and lateral thighs.
Diagnosis of fibromyalgia
Diagnosing fibromyalgia is due to reproduce squeezing pain in at least 14 different known points as points "trigger", and which may vary over time.
Sport in Fibromyalgia
Sport and aerobic exercise will improve the pain and the feeling of fatigue. Not to reach exhaustion.
Exercises like swimming, Pilates or yoga, along with relaxation techniques help patients and will enhance the effect of medical and physical therapy.
Treatment of fibromyalgia
In fibromyalgia have to individualize treatment. We drugs alone or in combination improves pain and usually decrease their intensity.
Treatment should be adapted to the life of the person and have clear and realistic goals. The main is to improve the quality of life of the person.
In addition to the above treatments, it was observed that injections at points "trigger" (good triamcinolone and mepivacaine, or botulinum toxin) can alleviate a large number of patients, whether oral treatments have not been effective enough.