Cancer of the larynx and pharynx is related to alcohol and snuff

Written by: Dr. Raimundo Gutiérrez Fonseca
Published: | Updated: 23/05/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Since the 50s, malignant tumors of pharynx and larynx are very common, especially in males (85% of cases). They can be prevented by avoiding snuff and performing early explorations.

tumor in the larynx The pharynx and larynx cancer is related to alcohol and snuff. In the case of cigarettes, the ratio is in the combustion of the tar follows. A kilo of snuff (50 packages) occurs between 50 and 60 grams of tar. In the case of alcohol, it acts as a local irritant and can solubilize carcinogens, enhancing their effect.

Another cause is the presence and participation of the human papilloma virus.

Initial symptoms are difficulty swallowing and pain, which may radiate to the ear. In the case of tumors of the pharynx, not usually altered voice, while laryngeal tumors frequently hoarseness and voice changes (hoarseness) occurs, caused by alteration in the vocal cords. If the tumor grows obstructs the airway difficult breathing (dyspnea), sometimes even bleeding in the mouth. These tumors often cause glands in the neck.

The diagnosis is made ​​through an exploration of the mouth, pharynx and larynx, and endoscopy latter. Progressive and persistent hoarseness and neck masses, an exploration endoscopy was also performed.

Treatment may consist of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. In recent years surgery has advanced significantly, allowing more precise treatments that avoid mutilations. Currently, the greatest healing results are obtained with surgery, either radical or partial (open or endoscopic, which in turn may be conventional, laser or robotics).

 

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Raimundo Gutiérrez Fonseca
Otolaringology

Doctor Cum Laude with more than 20 years of experience in the field of Otolaryngology specialist techniques Cervicofacial Cervical Surgery and Oncology.

Current Head of Otolaryngology Hospital Rey Juan Carlos. Associate head in the FJD of Madrid for over 10 years. Develops an intense teaching at masters, postgraduate and other specialty courses.

Founder and coordinator of the first unit Dysphagia Community of Madrid in the FJD since 2006, and current coordinator of the Unit of the University Hospital Dysphagia Rey Juan Carlos.

Associate professor of otolaryngology at the University Rey Juan Carlos.

Vice-Secretary General of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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