¿are the most frequent alterations in voice
We must distinguish between voice alteration (or dysphonia ) organic and functional. The most common are functional dysphonia, which are those voice disorders in which there is no anatomical alteration. Furthermore, within the organic dysphonia in which if there is any anatomical alteration highlights vocal nodules which is undoubtedly the most common organic lesion, these occur mainly with voice abuse and in women
¿What factors can cause dysphonia
The most frequent cause is usually excessive use, or rather abuse of voice, especially in patients who have a poor voice or gesture poor technique of speaking. Other factors that may contribute to the development of voice disorders like snuff, alcohol, gastroesophageal reflux, etc. Do not forget that due to the development of systems for exploration of the larynx and voice more and more injuries are to genitas, ie, that the patient has from birth and tend to face between 2ª diagnosed;and 3ªdecade of life
¿may be some behind disease
Undoubtedly the most dreaded disease there destra a voice disorder is laryngeal cancer, especially in patients who smoke;therefore it is advisable to valuation of dysphonia for otorinolaringologo if it persists after 15 days. Other diseases that can hide are GERD, a viral papillomatosis, a thyroid lesion that Paralize a vocal cord, etc.
¿, which consists in treating
There are three types of treatment for a voice disorder:
1. Medical Treatment with antibiotics, cortocoides;antiniflamatorios, mucolytics, etc.
2. Rahabilitacion speech therapy very important in most voice disorders and is also often used as an adjunct to surgery
3. Surgical Treatment is what is called Phonosurgery