Nephrectomy, also known as kidney removal, is a form of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney.
Nephrectomy are extracted in addition to the kidney, all the blood vessels, ureter and fat overlying. It can be associated to the removal of the adrenal gland and some lymph nodes.
This surgery urology is performed in every person who needs it but must have a life expectancy long enough to indicate that surgery. There must also be a favorable balance in terms of benefits vs. risks.
The cases in which a nephrectomy are in cancer, kidney cancer and in benign conditions, especially in infectious processes or in altruistic donations.
Perform this type of surgery involves certain risks, such as bleeding, injury to a blood vessel (artery or vein). Kidney damage (kidney function) may also be produced, by not recovering from the removal of the kidney or intestinal lesion due to a bowel segment.
There are different types of nephrectomy or kidney removal:
- Radical nephrectomy is performed by a tumor.
- Partial nephrectomy: the tumor is very small, which allows the excision of a piece of tumor, respecting of the healthy kidney.
- Simple nephrectomy is the kidney resection for inflammatory disease and / or benign.
- Live donor nephrectomy: occurs when a living person donates another one of his kidneys.
Considerations after the removal of a kidney
After nephrectomy, the patient can lead a normal life as long as it is in good condition. The patient must take care because you only have one kidney and, in case of suffering cramps or infections, must be more careful. You need a healthy, balanced diet, maintaining weight within normal limits and avoiding risk factors such as smoking and alcohol.