Controla los factores de riesgo del cáncer oral

Written by: Dr. Iván Malagón Juárez
Edited by: Anna Raventós Rodríguez

According to WHO, oral cancer is the eighth most prevalent in the world, with more than 500,000 cases a year and a mortality of about 292,000 people. These figures respond (in most cases) to a late diagnosis.


When some of its symptoms are detected, there is usually metastasis, so that life expectancy is reduced considerably. Even so, it is possible to prevent it by avoiding its risk factors .


Oral Cancer Risk Factors

  • Alcohol: 7 out of 10 diagnosed patients are heavy drinkers (according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), men with two or more alcoholic drinks a day are considered heavy drinkers, and women with more than one). If alcohol is added to tobacco, the chances of having oral cancer multiply.
Oral cancer
Oral cancer is the eighth most prevalent in the world


  • Tobacco: Smoking greatly increases the risk of oral cancer (in addition to other types of cancer, such as lung cancer). Tobacco causes havoc in the mouth , whether smoked or chewed, and cancer of the cheeks, lips and gums is one of the most serious problems it causes.
  • HPV: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection; is made up of more than 200 viruses, 40 of which are transmitted orally. Of these, the low and the high risk are different, the latter being the ones that cause cancer.

Since 2008, head and neck cancers (especially those occurring behind the tongue or around the tonsils) associated with Human Papilloma Virus have increased markedly. The dentist can help to quickly detect oral cancer by frequent check-ups. It is also important to use protection in sexual relations, as we have mentioned is a virus that is transmitted by this route and, given its incidence, also has been launched a vaccine for children between 11 and 12 years.


  • Other factors; Gender and gender are other factors that also influence. Men would be more likely to get oral cancer because they consume more alcohol and tobacco. As for age, they are usually detected after 55 years, although in cases of oral cancer associated with HPV they are diagnosed more often in young people.
  • Diet is also important , if we feed properly and we do not lack nutrients the risk of developing oral cancer, among other complications, decreases.
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Iván Malagón Juárez

Internationally renowned orthodontist, Dr. Malagón stands out especially in the field of invisible orthodontics Invisalign, in which he holds the highest professional category -Invisalign Diamond Doctor (he is the only specialist with this category for three consecutive years and also the only orthodontist Spanish, included in the select international group DSD Masters.His wide experience has been recognized with different awards, among them the Gold Medal to the Professional Prestige of the Forum Europe 2001 or the inclusion in the book: "Medical Excellence in Spain." with an active participation in the development and innovation of new techniques and materials in invisible orthodontics, as well as the postgraduate training "Invisible Excellence Master Class", "Digital Smile Architecture" and "Clear Ortho International Program". launched various social projects to to collaboration and solidarity from Iván Malagón foundation.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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