How I can know if I'm hypertensive?

Written by: José Luis Palma Gámiz
Edited by: Top Doctors®

According to specialists in cardiology , keep a healthy lifestyle and avoid overweight and snuff can help control high blood pressure, which can cause changes in breathing, the circulation, cause dizziness and even blindness.

Arteries Cardiology experts say that adult blood pressure is known as the "silent murderer" because no symptoms in its early stages. "It hurts," they say.


Symptoms of hypertension

Some of the symptoms that hypertension are:

  • dyspnea and rest
  • angina pectoris
  • renal failure
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • blurry vision
  • hypertensive retinopathy blindness


How I can know if I'm hypertensive?

The most effective way to know if it is or not hypertensive blood pressure measured at rest shape, following international standards. If the result is repeated over the limits for 3 to 4 weeks diagnosis is hypertension.


Treatment of hypertension

Treat hypertension depends on the patient and the type of hypertension. If high blood pressure should go to the root of the problem to solve. In essential hypertension of unknown origin diet and moderate exercise are cornerstones of treatment.

Treatment of hypertension should always be directed by a doctor, which must be permanent monitoring of the patient.


How to control blood pressure?

To control high blood pressure should follow these healthy habits:

  • Avoid overweight or obese eliminating calorie diets
  • Remove saturated fats and carbohydrates of high glycemic index
  • Reduce or eliminate the most salt completely
  • Drink alcohol in moderation
  • No Smoking

If these measures are not able to control high blood pressure would have to resort to pharmacological agents such as diuretics, beta blockers, inhibitors and angiotensin antagonists, calcium channel blockers and other very effective action and acceptable tolerance.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By José Luis Palma Gámiz

Dr. Palma Gámiz reference is a cardiologist with extensive experience in hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, angina and other heart-related diseases. Throughout his long career he has been, among other positions, Clinical Chief of Cardiology at the Ramon y Cajal Hospital in Madrid, President of the Hypertension Section of the SEC and current Vice-President of the Spanish Heart Foundation. His background It includes long stays abroad that have placed him as one of the most important specialists in their field. throughout his career, he has actively concerned about the disclosure of their work and the scientific knowledge of heart disease. He has written over a dozen books in the field and authored or coauthored more than a hundred scientific papers. He has lectured at numerous national and international scientific forums. Currently, it offers all its expertise and services to patients in the Basel Clinic in Madrid where he is director of the Unit of Cardiology and Regenerative Medicine.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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