Fibromyalgia is a disorder of pain modulation, with unknown reasons, although there are factors that are related. Some of these are the discomforts or ailments, in addition to recurring injuries or stressful events like an accident. This disease is characterized by a picture of chronic generalized musculoskeletal pain benign. This pain, non-articular origin, has an increased sensitivity to various points.
This disorder affects 2% of the population, while generalized muscle pain extends to 10% -11%. Fibromyalgia affects more women, ranging between 80% and 90% of cases registered. Although most cases are diagnosed at a mature age, they can also be given in children.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Most patients have an intense widespread pain, as well as being deep and diffuse, affecting above and below the waist, and along the entire column. These symptoms may worsen with exercise, in addition to cold and emotional stress. Fibromyalgia affects a whole all spheres: biological, psychological and social.
The symptoms of fibromyalgia are two, as it has established the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). On the one hand we diffuse musculoskeletal pain, defined as axial, which is about three months of evolution. And on the other, increased pain sensitivity. This symptom occurs in at least 11 of 18 tender points.
In the treatment of fibromyalgia physical therapy techniques are combined, as well as psychological and educational, this last call PSICOMEFI. The duration of this treatment extends to six weeks, with two weekly sessions of a few hours each. Aerobic exercises are an important part, it must be progressive and as directed by medical form.