Causes of a damaged eardrum
The main cause of a eardrum damaged tympanic perforation, produced by repeat infections and trauma atrial region well either accidental attacks.
Other causes that often require operation of the middle ear are the otosclerosis ( fixation of the stapes to the inner ear, is the most common cause of hearing loss in adults), the serous otitis ( occupation of middle ear mucus, if not relieved by medical treatment clarification as to the placement of transtympanic ventilation tubes ) and colestetoma middle ear ( chronic infection that is destroying the ossicles of the ear)
¿, consisting in middle ear surgery
The middle ear surgery brings together a group of surgical techniques whose aim is to get the sound arrives in the best possible conditions from the outer ear to the inner ear. The structures in which it would work would be the tympanic membrane (or eardrum ) and ear ossicles (hammer, anvil and stirrup).
There are two main types of hearing loss or loss of hearing: sensorineural (for affectation nerve of hearing, ie, the inner ear ) and hearing loss transmission (for affectation structures middle ear ). It is in the latter case when this surgery is indicated.
If it is via endaural (through the ear canal ), surgery is usually performed in a hospital regime postoperative day and only requires plugging the ear and a rest house duranto 4-5 days.
In the event that the surgery is BTE ( behind the ear ), will require hospitalization, retroauricular wound dressing and home cefalico rest for about two weeks.