Nowadays hair loss is a concern for men and women. With today's lifestyle, aesthetic medicine specialists observed an increase in cases of alopecia due to stress and other reasons explained below.
The total or partial loss of hair is called alopecia, occurs gradually and can happen for patches or widespread (diffuse). The scalp contains about 100,000 hairs, of which 100 falling daily.
Types of alopecia
There are different types of alopecia, according to the origin:- Hereditary. Time and amount of hair thickness, both men and women is lost, but is more common in males. Male pattern baldness, in fact, may appear at any stage after puberty. This type of alopecia does not originate in a disease but with aging and changes in testosterone. About 80% of men show signs of baldness at age 70.- Physical or emotional stress. Stress can cause the fall from half to three-quarters hair. This variant is called telogen effluvium alopecia. The most obvious symptoms result in the fall in large quantities to shampooing hair, pass the comb or hair hands. It is a usually temporary alopecia, but can become chronic. Moreover, the person may not notice suffers after episodes of stress, as happens moulting hair for 6-8 months.
Causes of alopecia
The causes of hair loss can be diverse:- High fever or severe infection- Birth- Major surgery, serious illness or sudden bleeding- Intense emotional stress- Crash diets, particularly those who do not have too much protein- Drugs: birth control pills, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, antidepressants or anti-inflammatory.- Causes of unknown origin in women between 30 and 60 years, with a thinning hair.
Other causes of other types of alopecia include:- Alopecia areata or patches on the scalp, beard, and even eyebrows and eyelashes- Anemia- Autoimmune disorders such as lupus- Burns- Infectious diseases, syphilis type- Excessive shampooing and hair- Hormonal changes- Thyroid Diseases- Nervous habits related to rub the scalp or hair pulling- Radiotherapy- Infection of the scalp called ringworm- Tumors of the ovary or adrenal glands
When you go to an expert
Experts recommend go to an expert:- Hair loss atypically- Hair loss quickly or early- Pain or itching with the hair loss- Redness or flaky skin in the area where the hair falls- Acne, facial hair or irregularities in the menstrual cycle- Male pattern baldness even being a woman- Bald patches on the beard or eyebrows- Infection of the scalp- Women with heavy loss of hair after childbirth- Abundant hair loss after episodes of stress
Diagnosis and cosmetic treatment of alopecia
To diagnose alopecia, expert in aesthetic medicine must:- Evaluate the patient's history- Indicate the completion of relevant clinical analysis- Personalized medical treatment (without creating false expectations)
Please note that for hair loss resulting from disease, radiotherapy, use of a medicine or other related causes do not need treatment because the hair will grow back when the disease or complete cessation treatment.
In aesthetic medicine, specifically, prior assessment of the patient, a novel chemical compound of vitamins, minerals and amino acids indicated. Such treatment is applied to the entire scalp, follicle stimulating directly. To conclude the treatment usually required between 10 and 12 sessions, one week.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante