Early detection of visual defects during childhood is critical to have a good quality of vision throughout life.
Frequent visual defects in pediatric ophthalmology
Among the most common childhood eye diseases include hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism and strabismus. Detection of strabismus is essential to avoid ambioplía, commonly known as lazy eye.
When the first symptoms of any of these defects occur, it is important to visit a specialist in ophthalmology as soon as possible, as there is a direct relationship between early detection and the chances of therapeutic success: parents should know that a lazy eye untreated before the seven years it is due to be irreversible for the rest of life.
Early detection in pediatric ophthalmology
There are warning signs that can help parents know that their child does not see well. For example, a child is too close to the television, twisting his head to stare or having relationship problems with his outside world.
Years ago I developed a test, available to parents in order to facilitate detection of visual disorders in children because, often, may go unnoticed if you allow the child to a regular vision.
Pediatric ophthalmology: Medical Review
It is recommended that a first check with your ophthalmologist in three or four years, as long as no fault is found before any. If the parents suffer from some refractive error, early detection is important because often these diseases are hereditary and the sooner you visit the ophthalmologist and the best corrective lenses are placed, as this will be easier to solve.
If the information coming from the outside world to the retina is not sharp enough, the brain receives the signal and evil "get used" to look bad. If that is maintained for years and the conditions for the brain to "look good" put, the vision will be poor life. Binocular vision, such as visual acuity, learned over the years. This learning ends around seven years, which means that if at that age the brain has not learned to look good, can hardly then correct these deficiencies.
Pediatric ophthalmology: how do they affect the vision screens?
Continued use of display devices such as mobile phones, tablets and video games causes eyestrain, with eye irritation, tearing and sometimes blurred vision. This is mainly due to dry eye caused by the failure blinking.
Children who have uncorrected visual impairment may also have other symptoms like headache after a while of using the device. Therefore, the general recommendation is to dose the use by parents to avoid such problems.