The transverse predominance macrotia is a congenital malformation of the ear or auricular pavilion, ie located in the outer ear. The main feature of this malformation is that the pavilion is too developed.
This malformation should be corrected, frequently, in conjunction with other alterations in the shape of the auricle / ear in the same operation, avoiding future surgeries.
In general malformed ears agglutinate many forms of presentation. Thus, they range from irregularities in the contour, constriction at its base, accumulation at its outermost portion, asymmetries and malrotations, as well as structural development defects.
Importance of choosing the best technique for the correction of the macrotia
There are currently over 250 otoplasty techniques according to the needs of the patient. This means that the indication of one or the other is very precise on the part of the specialist in Plastic, aesthetic and restorative surgery. Otherwise, the consequences of inadequate treatment with conventional techniques on ears with excessive overgrowth (especially in the third more cephalic), if no precise diagnosis is established, will trigger unacceptable results, which will require increasingly complex surgeries.
Macrotia correction techniques used so far
Until now, otoplasties required mutilation of the skin and cartilage in an overly aggressive way. This entailed a loss of tissue, biological / living material that may always be necessary for any posterior facial reconstruction (palpebral, nasal). Another consequence was the scars of anterior approaches, unlike the technique presented here, with a retroauricular approach, with no visible or visible scars.