The Hyoid bone is suspended under the jaw, in contact with muscles that connect it with this and the back of the skull. This bone is the only one in our body that has no direct connection with other bones, so it is practically independent.
Function of bone Hyoids
The Hyoid bone is responsible for leveling the posture. According to experts in neurology , this is because the bone is in contact with different muscle chains on which the posture depends. The upper part of the bone joins the jaw through several muscles, as well as the base of the skull and the first cervical vertebrae and the sternum.
How dental malocclusion affects low back pain
When there is a spatial sliding of the jaw, there is a slippage of the hyoid bone, which influences the tension of the muscular chains that level the posture of the cervical spine and the body. The teeth are responsible for determining the position of the jaw, which determines the position of the bone Hyoides, in charge of regulating the posture of the cervical spine , shoulders and the rest of the spine to the pelvis .
Thus, the incorrect position of the mandible triggers a poor cervical alignment that can lead to contractures. This damage to the posture can also influence tilting the pelvis or causing one shoulder to be higher than the other. In general, dental malocclusion ends up producing cervical and lumbar pains.
Likewise, misalignment of the cervical spine by a contracture may end up affecting the dynamics of the mandible and generating a dental malocclusion.