The cheiloplasty is a surgical procedure performed on the lips in order to improve and harmonize the appearance of the mouth. It can be done to enhance the lips, diminish or also to correct congenital or secondary fault injection products or accidents .
Numerous scientific studies have shown that the mouth is the most influential facial feature in the perception of facial beauty. Therefore, it is one of the traits that generates increased demand for treatments in Aesthetic Medicine.
The beauty of the mouth is determined by the proportional relationship between the two lips (size, thickness, etc.), but also for its relationship with other facial features and angles, in addition to vary significantly from one ethnic group to another.
Depending on the indication, a type of cheiloplasty or another is performed as follows :
- Thin lips that do not want to infiltrate product: increase cheiloplasty.
- Genetically very thick lips: reduction cheiloplasty.
- Lips with genetic damage (cleft lip) or acquired (accidents): restorative cheiloplasty.
- Lips injected with the permanent product in order to increase them with a bad aesthetic or functional outcome: secondary cheiloplasty.
Secondary cheiloplasty is very common in patients who a few years ago wanted to increase his lips and did so with a permanent product (usually know which product is).
Often, at first, the appearance of lip product was good, but over the years the appended anatomical structures (jaw, cheeks and cheekbones) age and change shape as the product is inert, which gives a very artificial look.
At other times, the product has been able to rejection problems either from the start or elapsed time. This causes the granulomas (body's reaction to a foreign body) besides the unaesthetisms posed, often painful and even prevent or subtracted naturally to normal gestures such as smiling or eating appear.
Process secondary cheiloplasty
First of all, an ultrasound is performed in the area to try to locate the product extension. Sometimes, too, you can determine what type of product is.
After performing preoperative tests, the procedure is performed in outpatient surgery under local anesthesia. Elliptical transverse incision (sawed) is made along the lip between the side corners in the lining of the inner edge of the lip.
Through the incision all product extracted accessible. Today, with surgical laser fiber it is also trying to undo possible granulomas not accessible. Then the edges are closed with an absorbable suture. These points fall alone and if a piece remains is removed seven days in the control visit.
It is recommended that the first three days after surgery and cold soft diet is made, gesticulating as little as possible and slightly built sleep. The patient follows a regimen of antibiotics and anti - inflammatories.
The first days tend to swell pretty lips. To evaluate the results is necessary to wait until the swelling is gone. The time varies depending on each person.
The scar, to be in the mucosa, very little visible or almost imperceptible; as being located on the inner edge of the lip mucosa is very difficult to see.
Complications and side effects of cheiloplasty
Although the possible complications and risks of intervention are very rare and treatable, and there can be the following:
- Numbness decreased mobility
All these effects usually disappear by themselves after a while. They may also appear: asymmetries and abnormal scars that will be addressed and corrected by the doctor.
In most cases, it is impossible to absolutely eliminate all product. Sometimes this waste product with time shifts, so sometimes you have to tweak the zone slightly after a time, months or years, to remove this offset product.
Result of cheiloplasty
Edited by Noelia García Pino