Gynecologic cancers are any type of cancer that originates in the reproductive organs of women. There are five main types of gynecological cancers: cervical cancer, vulva, vagina, endometrium and ovary.
There is no sure way of knowing which women will get a gynecologic cancer. It is therefore important that you know your body and can identify what conditions are normal for you. If you have vaginal bleeding that does not correspond to the period or any other sign that has no explanation, see your doctor immediately.
What are the causes of gynecological cancer?
Some gynecologic cancers are caused by the Human Papilloma V irus that causes a very common sexually transmitted infection. A vaccine to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), which cause more frequent cancers of the cervix, vagina and vulva. The recommended age for administration to girls between 11 and 12 years and also girls or women between 13 and 26 years of age who have not been vaccinated or have not received all doses at a younger age.
Cervical cancer is the only gynecological cancer that has a specific screening test. The Pap test (also called Pap smear) can identify this cancer in its early stages, if only it. Does not identify the other commented cancers such as ovarian, uterus, vagina or vulva. Pap tests should be performed regularly since 21 years.
Diagnosis and prevention of gynecological cancer
Early diagnosis of tumor processes is the most important in improving the prognosis of patients and allow the use of less aggressive treatments that improve factor, not only survival, but the quality of life of our patients. This is possible by establishing guidelines for annual review in which, in addition to cytology, can perform advanced techniques of diagnosis and typing of human papillomavirus (HPV), the systematic vaginal ultrasound, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and CT emission tomography (PET).