Idiopathic hyperhidrosis. Much more than a cosmetic problem

Written by: Dr. Nicolás Llobregat Poyán
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Idiopathic hyperhidrosis is of unknown cause and affects the palms of the hands, soles of feet, armpits and cranio-facial region. The specialty that trafficking is the thoracic surgery .

Idiopathic hyperhidrosis When excessive sweat secretion occurs speak of hyperhidrosis. The reasons for this may be secondary to various pathologies or may not have a known cause and then speak of idiopathic hyperhidrosis.

Idiopathic or primary hyperhidrosis is a process that affects between 0.5 to 1% of the population. The most affected areas are the palms, soles, armpits and cranio-facial region. The cause of this is unknown and appears to be related to hyperactivity of the autonomic nervous system.

The diagnosis is mainly clinical and must begin with secondary hyperhidrosis discard other pathologies. The patient 'type' has a significant palmar sweating increases with situations of heat and stress, which causes serious problems such labor, social and sentimental. It may be associated with axillary hyperhidrosis, plantar or craniofacial. This situation is experienced as stressful closing the vicious circle and leading often plaid social phobia.

Once diagnosed with primary hyperhidrosis box will initially conservative treatment and led by a dermatologist. The most frequently used methods are the application of aluminum salts, iontophoresis, botulinum toxin injection and the use of drugs such as anticholinergics, beta-blockers and anxiolytics.

If these methods fail, you can offer the patient the surgical treatment through bilateral thoracic sympathectomy. Minimally invasive surgery which allows bilateral sympathectomy at one time and with minimal discomfort to the patient is used. The immediate results regarding palmar hyperhidrosis are excellent with success rates above 95%. Regarding the most frequent complications and side effects is compensatory hyperperspiration. Despite these adverse effects and the usual hassles of any surgery, the key question: "Would you operated" Over 95% of patients answered affirmatively.

In conclusion, bilateral thoracic sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis treatment is a safe and effective procedure when other treatments have failed.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Nicolás Llobregat Poyán
Thoracic & Cardiac Surgery

Dr. Nicolás Llobregat Poyán is a reference in the specialty of Thoracic Surgery with more than 30 years of experience. Doctor in Medicine and Surgery from the Complutense University of Madird, he specializes in Lung Cancer and pleural diseases.

In his extensive professional career he has served as Head of the Thoracic Surgery Service at the Hospital del Aire and at the Central Hospital of the Defense Gómez Ulla. He is currently the Head of the Thoracic Surgery Unit of the Ruber International Hospital in Madrid.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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