Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease. Most asthma attacks are preventable. The best way to prevent an asthma attack is to make visits stipulated control freedom to have quick access to the specialist in Pneumology , be disciplined in the treatment and avoiding triggers. Triggers are not always known or, in many cases, the triggering process is a viral, which means it is less preventable.
A specialist error may be underestimating the severity of the case. On the other hand, the mistakes you can make the patient are not complying with treatment, unfounded fear of inhaled corticosteroids, go to homeopathy and continue smoking.
There are known to be very labile patients (variables), ie, are patients who feel little symptoms. Their control can be improved by using a simple device, the Peak-Flow-Meter or flow meters, which is the equivalent controls blood sugar levels of diabetics.
Patient education is essential in the treatment of asthma. You must know how to properly apply inhalers. It is necessary to provide them with a written plan for worsening situations. In addition, it must be familiar with the drugs, as well as their advantages and side effects.
In general, asthma is an absolutely normal very controllable illness compatible with a life. Only a small percentage, around 5% of cases, are difficult to manage. This is known by the term asthma difficult to manage.
How to deal with an asthma attack
In cases of acute crisis, if the patient has flow meter, you must know that 200 is a dangerous figure, (depending on sex, height, age and others).
Having to abusing inhalants, for example more than eight inhalations of a bronchodilator accumulated in a short time, forced to go to an Emergency Department.
If in doubt the severity of the crisis and if deemed take more than 60 minutes to get to the ER, it is a prudent measure to take two 30mg tablets of a synthetic corticosteroid drug. It is not harmful and hospital, will give you higher doses.
In relation to family members or caregivers, they can help by providing serenity, telling a taxi or ambulance, assisting in the administration of drugs (always following the written instructions) and, above all, in not hesitate to seek medical center nearest.
Edited by Pino Noelia