Eczema and atopic dermatitis, Types and Treatment

Written by: Dra. Ana Gimenez Arnau
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The eczema or eczema is characterized by the appearance of skin redness with small bubbles, called vesicles, which have a strong itch. This lesion can stay days, even weeks, skin.

When chopping, people tend to scratch and break the vesicles. These small bubbles emit a liquid that makes the skin thicker and take a look dry and you can get to crack.

Eczema can occur anywhere on the body but when injuries occur on the hands and become chronic, long invalidate the lives of patients.

There are two types of eczema. Acute eczema when the skin erythema and vesicles and chronic eczema when the skin becomes thicker and scales.

¿What causes eczema


Eczema by skin irritation or Irritant Contact. Eczema that arises in the skin by touching substances that wear out, dry or sore. Anyone can suffer long as touch skin irritants sufficient dose. A very common case is that of the hands of people who use a lot of water and soap playing solvents, dirt, paper, cardboard,... These substances wearing much make hand and lose their natural fats. The cold and wind can also irritate the skin irritation mechanism or wear. The skin responds by eczema.

for allergic contact eczema. The trigger for this eczema is a chemical substance against which the individual, after use often develops an immunity. This eczema develop just what some people and against some chemicals that are able to create memory. Not the first day that the play appear, you need to be touched many times to stop tolerating. For example, the mason working with cement and becomes intolerant or build immunology response to chromium is in this material. If this guy gets to play chromium, which is also used for making leather shoes, that substance will provoke a new reaction on your skin. Other common examples are the nickel in jewelry, the black hair dye, some fragrances or preservatives that are in creams and perfumes.

It is important that in the presence of eczema on the skin, the patient consult a specialist in dermatology. This should assess the type of eczema to rule out or detect if there is a chemical that the person has ceased to tolerate. For this, the dermatologist takes patch tests or patch tests. Apply some substances in the patient's skin crawl and medical history of the person and the disease to know is made based on whether it has ceased to tolerate a substance. This test is essential to prevent the appearance of eczema because if it gets to touch that makes the lesion damage will he come out.

Eczema atopic dermatitis by. This eczema suffers 10% of children and is hereditary. The child who suffers born in a family where people suffer constitution atopic diseases such as allergic asthma, rhinitis or atopic dermatitis. To be atopic two criteria must be met in the family background, dry skin is not synonymous with atopic skin.

Eczema always comes out in the same places, in the front of the elbows, on the back of the knees, Nipple or lips. It is symmetrical, bilateral and itches a lot. Outbreaks depend on several factors:dry skin, stress, whether the child has become allergic to dust and exceptionally whether children have allergies to egg protein or milk


As children tend to scratch a lot, infected skin. Then eczema grows and infects. The treatment of atopic dermatitis has two phases:treat eczema outbreak and maintain best possible skin between outbreaks to avoid relapse. For this it is essential to be evaluated by a pediatric dermatologist. Children who suffer should wear cotton, many creams hydrants, make relaxing baths and use non-drying soaps Skin.

The skin of children tends to correct and improve with age in adolescence. People continue to be atopic dermatitis but not suffer.

Article of Disclosure referred to Topdoctors Wednesday November 26, 2014Eczema and atopic dermatitis, Types and TreatmentDr. Ana Maria Gimenez Arnau and Dept.. Press Top Doctors

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Ana Gimenez Arnau

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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