The bone reconstruction is the technique of Oral Surgery that is used to reconstruct bone defects, such as lack of bone or creation with bone grafts, in places where previously there was and is necessary for the rehabilit bucofacial ation or for insertion dental implants.
It is done when there is not enough bone tissue in the area where you need to put dental or areas that may compromise patient aesthetic implants.
It can also be used for treatment of periodontal disease in advanced cases.
Bone reconstruction techniques
There are multiple techniques from bone grafts from the same patient, combined with other biomaterials alone or using biomaterials that promote and facilitate bone growth.
The application of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) plays an important role in these cases and the use of occlusive membranes is fundamental.
Moreover, the use of lactic acid polymers (polylactates) is increasingly taking a more important role, both in use with biomaterials or as barriers for large grafts.
The technique must be performed by specialists and should be assessed for each individual patient; in large cases you can reach the use of general anesthesia, although it is not usual.
The technique can be performed while the implants are inserted, or deferred basis.
Postoperative bone reconstruction
Postoperative is usually good, but painless swelling in varying degrees depending on the extent of the graft.
Either way, it can be controlled pharmacologically and recovery is quick.