The dental trauma is a set of injuries occurring in the tooth or the tissues surrounding the tooth, due to mechanical agents that overcome the resistance of such tissues.
The most common injuries are trauma (concussion, subluxation, extrusion, lateral luxation, intrusion and avulsion), fractures (broken uncomplicated enamel, enamel complicated fracture, fracture of enamel and dentin, enamel and dentin fracture pulp fracture uncomplicated crown and root fracture complicated crown and root, root fracture, alveolar fracture), injuries to oral tissues or gums (laceration, contusion, abrasion).
The main causes of dental trauma are very complex in nature and can be of various kinds, from human biology (diseases), behavior (physical activities), and environment (culture, socioeconomic status, accidents, etc.). It may be due to factors such as an overbite or labial incompetence, among others.
When a patient suffers some type of trauma the main symptoms, in general terms, suffering are pain during percussion (light pressure on the tooth) or chewing, bleeding, bruising, discoloration in the tooth, tooth sensitivity, swelling, etc. .
How to solve dental trauma?
In most cases, our priority is to keep the tooth in the mouth, so often have to reposition the tooth, ferulizarlo resin (glue two or more teeth for dental stability), rebuild the tooth or kill nerve if There necrosis. All these treatments must be controlled under a strict monitoring protocol through X-rays and clinical visits, the day of the injury, a week to 15 days, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months.