Surgery of the ears: otoplasty
For the child, this type of defect is often because of scorn and ridicule from the other children, and among adults is common to find individuals who even hide is averg Wü;Enzan, or feel limited by its ears
Prominent ears are protruding or abano causes major complexes, especially children and youth, but also adults. Usually operated at the age of 8 or 9 years old when the result of the same is completed, although it is not uncommon intervention at other ages. Your correction is very simple and consists in getting the bend they lack through an incision in the back. This type of deformity is an alteration, or the anatomical proportions that make the ear, or, the harmonious development of the curves shape the pinna. Has a genetic component, ie, there are chances transmission from parents to children. The diagnosis is made quickly by the pediatrician and parents who observe the child 's ears are projected painfully out of his head. This first diagnosis is temporary, because there is a possibility that properly in the first years of life recovers. Often we hear of homemade methods to solve the problem: the strip of tape that keeps his ear to the head, hide ears with hair, or just get used to the idea that you have a well and accepting ears <. / p>
A little history
They are many and varied distortions may have ears, and each has given rise to a large number of techniques. Dieffenbach ( 1845 ) performed the removal of an ellipse of retroauricular skin in order to bring the entire ear backwards. Luckett (1910 ) was the cartilage and skin. Subsequently, other surgeons have devised techniques each most original headphones to correct common faults. One of the most ingenious techniques is due to Pitanguy (1962 ), which, makes an incision in the cartilage as elliptical ( hopping technique ) whereby bankruptcy stiffness of cartilage, while created by the absent antihelix the projection of the island, which remains attached to the skin above.
The surgical solution
Otoplasty is the surgery that shapes the ears, and also includes interventions to correct the excessive size of the ears, the lobe and even partial or complete lack of pinna.
Ideally perform surgery when the ears have reached the final development between seven and nine years, but is not always convenient to wait so. The consequences and repercussions can be more unfavorable than the fact anticipate something surgery ( at 3 years of age has produced 85 % of the development of the ears). This valuation has to be made between the child, parents and the surgeon.
Lasts about an hour, surgery is simple but very delicate. This is usually done with street character, ie, the patient at the end of surgery and remains under observation after a few hours it is sent home. Normally, as long as the patient's characteristics allow, it is performed under local anesthesia, but may be necessary in certain cases general anesthesia. In children it is important to give them a preanesthetic medication to avoid fear and anxiety to the operating room.