Bronchial asthma is a disease that causes airways to become inflamed and, consequently, to narrow. Specialists Pneumology claim that mainly affects people who have an individual susceptibility, which may involve heredity.
We must highlight three fundamental characteristics:
- Chronic inflammation of the bronchi
- Bronchial hyperreactivity: bronchi become more sensitive and react more exaggerated than in the case of other people
- Bronchial variable airflow obstruction. It is measured by tests measuring the volumes and flow, such as spirometry.
What factors cause asthma?
There are many factors that can cause asthma, among them:
- Respiratory infections: viruses or colds.
- Allergy. Highlight the mite allergy, pollen, fungi or hairs of certain animals. The additives or food allergies can also trigger asthma.
- Environmental pollution
- Physical exercise, such as running
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Rhinitis or sinusitis
- Hormonal factors such as menstruation or pregnancy
- Storms and temperature inversions and cold or humid environments.
Treatment for Asthma
Asthma has no cure but, currently, there are treatments that allow control in most cases. Treatment for asthma seeks to control your symptoms, decrease exacerbations, using the least possible medication to control the disease and maintain good lung function. Treatment aims to achieve a better quality of life for patients.