Dr. Oscar Alemán López
• More than 20 years of experience• Optional Area Specialist, Department of Otolaryngology, General Hospital of Elda, Alicante (1197 - 2005) • Optional Area Specialist, Department of Otolaryngology, General Hospital Universitario de Alicante (2005 - present) ...
Positions in public associations
• Member of the National Commission Otoneurology of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology (2011 - present)
• Lecturer at the Faculty of Medicine at the University Miguel Hernández de Elche (from 2011 - present)• Tutor ENT resident physicians (2011 - present)
• Resident physician in Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology and Cervicofacial Pathology, University Clinic of Navarra (1988 - 1991)• Resident physician in Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology, General Hospital Universitario de Alicante (1993 - 1996) • PhD Program, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra. Research Proficiency Certificate. (1990 - 1991)• Master in Public Health and Health Care Management, Department of Public Health, University Miguel Hernandez (1197 - 1998) ...
Publications and conferences
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Audiometry is a test to assess hearing in each ear in order to determine whether a person hears well. The human ear can hear sounds with frequencies Audiometry is a test to assess hearing in each ear in order to determine whether a person hears well. The human ear can hear sounds with frequencies between 20 and 20,000 hertz. The test is divided into tonal and verbal audiometry. Audiometry in the air and bone conduction, in both cases involves the exploration of both ears separately, with the patient inside a soundproof booth and sealed evaluated. In the air audiometry, the individual should be placed headphones and then, the specialist plays a series of sounds high to low volume until they are inaudible. The last perceived sound determines the hearing threshold, that is to say, to what intensity is able to hear the patient at a given frequency. The inspection of bone conduction, a vibrator behind the patient's ear in the mastoid, through which receives the sound is placed. Speech audiometry is also performed with the patient in a booth and headphones, but instead of words emit sounds at different volume, which must be repeated exactly. The test takes about twenty minutes and the results are shown in a graph (audiogram). Comparison of the data obtained in the air and bone scans can know which part of the hearing aid causes hearing impairment (deafness) and what is the extent of the loss. ...
Deafness is hard of hearing or total inability to use this. If the loss is partial hearing loss is called if the total deafness.
The facial nerve is located in the skull and is the engine of skin muscles of the face and neck, and reaches the muscles of the small bones of the ear The facial nerve is located in the skull and is the engine of skin muscles of the face and neck, and reaches the muscles of the small bones of the ear, with the exception of internal muscle innervated by the trigeminal hammer. The sensory fibers are related to a part of the ear, the ear canal, tympanic membrane and sensory taste fibers from the anterior thirds of the tongue. The most common causes of having a unilateral facial pathology are suddenly facial paralysis and stroke. In the case of paralysis of such nerve can occur in isolation by localized as a tumor, which puts pressure on the nerve injury. The other form of suffering paralysis is due to HIV infection, sarcoidosis, Lyme disease or unknown cause. ...
Hearing loss is a decrease in hearing reversible or permanently, depending on the case. It can also affect only one ear or both, in this case as Hearing loss is a decrease in hearing reversible or permanently, depending on the case. It can also affect only one ear or both, in this case as a bilateral hearing loss. Besides, hearing loss may be partial or total: mild hearing loss in the patient loses some forty decibels capacity at best, while in the most serious cases decreased more than ninety decibels. Here, the hearing loss can be classified depending on the amount of hearing loss, the location of the lesion, its origin and if also affects speech. In the case of children, if the deficiency is not detected early can cause problems in language development. The causes of hearing loss can be many: congenital diseases, infections, hole in the eardrum, wax buildup, pressure changes, constant exposure to loud noise or trauma such as skull fractures or explosions. The person affected by this disorder may have the following symptoms: difficulty hearing a conversation or television, pressure or ringing in the ears, fatigue and dizziness. Hearing loss can be cured with medicine or surgery, depending on the case. In addition, you may also place the patient a device to improve their hearing. ...
Otitis media is an inflammation of the ear spaces and, depending on the duration of the disease, is classified into different types: acute, between 1 to 3 weeks; subacute, between 3 to 12 weeks; and chronic when it lasts more than 12 weeks. If the ear infection progresses, the liquid may have otitis (otitis media with effusion and be called) that can contain liquid like water (serous), mucous or pus. The causes of otitis are malfunctioning Eustachian tube, infection of the upper respiratory or allergic problems (allergic otitis). Generally, bacteria and viruses are the cause of ear infection. The most common symptoms of otitis include: earache, fever, irritability, drainage, dizziness and, rarely, facial paralysis. In these cases, antibiotic treatment is sufficient to cure ear infections, although sometimes accompanied by nasal decongestants and mucolytics. In patients with chronic otitis, the most obvious symptom is hearing loss and its treatment will be determined accordingly. ...
Tinnitus is annoying sounds that are perceived in the ears or in the head but not from any external source, usually are buzzing, ringing or bass or treble sounds that can be heard temporarily or chronic, which are accentuated when there absolute silence in the room. The tinnitus is not a disease but a symptom of other ear pathologies (such as hearing loss), so that the causes that can trigger are multiple and sometimes not come to know. This discomfort is not always associated with a hearing loss, but perceive noises in the ear is very uncomfortable and can cause serious disorders of sleep, daily discomfort, stress, anxiety or depression. Sometimes tinnitus trying resolves the problem that generates it, but in most cases has no solution with medication or with surgery, although you can get the patient to adapt to noise auditory retraining therapy. It is advised to avoid silence and sometimes a headset that generates a sound to disguise the person listening is placed. ...
The Vertigo is a feeling of imbalance arising from the structures of balance located in the inner ear (vestibular system) or connections of the structures of balance in the brain. When a sudden movement or a rapid change of the position of the head occur, can result in such connections balance problems, but do not usually last long. Among the symptoms they produce vertigo, the most common is dizziness. Anyway, dizziness can also be caused by diseases or disorders such as arrhythmia, insufficient production of blood in the heart, or the decrease in blood volume causes an inadequate flow of blood to the heart muscle. ...
The vestibular tests are those studies conducted to examine the functionality of the inner ear responsible for balance:vestibule and semicircular canals. The ear is responsible for maintaining the look and posture through a vestibulo-oculomotor reflexes called and vestibulo-spinal. The review specifically the vestibular system is based on the study of a reflex phenomenon called nystagmus. This is an eye movement divided into two phases of different speeds:one fast and one slow, caused by the connections that link the brain with the vestibular system and the nuclei of eye movements. The aim of vestibular testing is to verify proper function of the organs of equilibrium ears if the patient suffers fainting. During the realization of these tests different stimuli applied to the inner ear, in which the temperature, also called caloric test is the most widely used are used. Other detection systems are tested for spontaneous eye movements, positional tests, visuo-oculomotor testing or rotational tests. ...
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