Dr. Albert Idígora Planas
• More than 25 years of experience• Specialist Otolaryngology Clinic in Sant Josep (present) • Otolaryngology specialist at the Centre Mèdic Bages (present)• Head of Otolaryngology at the University Hospital of Vic (2003-present)• MIR in Otolaryngology Clinic in Barcelona (1991-1994) Hospital ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the larynx and vocal cords. When it occurs in children, can come from neurological disorders, malformations of the larynx, laryngeal papillomas caused by viral infections, or overly strain your voice. The latter is the most common cause that causes dysphonia in adults, and that untreated hyperfunction voice can produce other pathologies such as nodules or polyps on the vocal cords. In addition, other factors that can trigger dysphonia:grastroesofagico reflux, smoking, infections such as laryngitis or tuberculosis, neurological disorders or tumors of the larynx. Both children and adults, chronic afonia requires a medical exam to diagnose any disorder that lengthen more than two weeks, both to rule out any serious injury to prevent dysphonia become a chronic afonia and resulting in a total loss of voice. In dysphonia force generated by voice or by infections and viruses, rest and anti-inflammatory will be required, depending on the case, therapy with a speech therapist to teach the patient to use the voice well and rehabilitate. ...
The studio is rinofibroscopia fiber optic nose deep structures
Otitis media is an inflammation of the ear spaces and, depending on the duration of the disease, is classified into different types: acute, between 1 Otitis media is an inflammation of the ear spaces and, depending on the duration of the disease, is classified into different types: acute, between 1 to 3 weeks; subacute, between 3 to 12 weeks; and chronic when it lasts more than 12 weeks. If the ear infection progresses, the liquid may have otitis (otitis media with effusion and be called) that can contain liquid like water (serous), mucous or pus. The causes of otitis are malfunctioning Eustachian tube, infection of the upper respiratory or allergic problems (allergic otitis). Generally, bacteria and viruses are the cause of ear infection. The most common symptoms of otitis include: earache, fever, irritability, drainage, dizziness and, rarely, facial paralysis. In these cases, antibiotic treatment is sufficient to cure ear infections, although sometimes accompanied by nasal decongestants and mucolytics. In patients with chronic otitis, the most obvious symptom is hearing loss and its treatment will be determined accordingly. ...
Infant Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of all the problems identified in the ear, nose Infant Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of all the problems identified in the ear, nose, pharynx and larynx in children. Within this field, there are diseases which affect almost exclusively to children. The conditions that most often are usually treated in child otorhinolaryngology are hearing problems, ear infections, allergies, tonsillitis, adenoids, language problems, apnea, snoring, sinusitis, swallowing disorders and cysts or malformations in the head and neck. Prevent the development of any of these conditions is crucial for the child to grow correctly from a physical, intellectual and social. In addition, symptoms of different diseases can occur in children differently from adults. ...
Tonsillitis or angina is an inflammation of the tonsils, located in the throat, caused by a viral or bacterial infection. The most common symptoms are high fever, chills, severe sore throat, trouble swallowing, headache and ears ... The tonsils are usually reddened and sometimes with white spots. In addition, the lymph nodes in the area may be swollen. If the disease is caused by bacteria called streptococcus, treatment consists of antibiotics. Thus tonsillitis cured in a week. On the other hand, for people who suffer from frequent infections, sometimes tonsillectomy is advised. ...
Hoarseness is the loss of voice. Usually the result of an inflammation of the larynx or trauma. The main causes are: respiratory diseases, speak very loudly, shouting, abuse of snuff, alcohol, excessive cold (very cold liquids or ice cream), among others. Respiratory diseases Speak very loudly, shouting, etc. Abuse snuff, alcohol, ... nerve causes. Excessive cold; (Drinking very cold liquids, ice cream ...) ...
Audiometry is a test to assess hearing in each ear in order to determine whether a person hears well. The human ear can hear sounds with frequencies between 20 and 20,000 hertz. The test is divided into tonal and verbal audiometry. Audiometry in the air and bone conduction, in both cases involves the exploration of both ears separately, with the patient inside a soundproof booth and sealed evaluated. In the air audiometry, the individual should be placed headphones and then, the specialist plays a series of sounds high to low volume until they are inaudible. The last perceived sound determines the hearing threshold, that is to say, to what intensity is able to hear the patient at a given frequency. The inspection of bone conduction, a vibrator behind the patient's ear in the mastoid, through which receives the sound is placed. Speech audiometry is also performed with the patient in a booth and headphones, but instead of words emit sounds at different volume, which must be repeated exactly. The test takes about twenty minutes and the results are shown in a graph (audiogram). Comparison of the data obtained in the air and bone scans can know which part of the hearing aid causes hearing impairment (deafness) and what is the extent of the loss. ...
Deafness is hard of hearing or total inability to use this. If the loss is partial hearing loss is called if the total deafness.
Dysphagia or discomfort when swallowing is difficulty swallowing or swallowing food, and usually occurs especially in elderly patients. In many cases it is a result of stroke, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's or tracheotomy, diseases that produce effects on the tongue, the muscles of the throat and esophagus. Regarding your treatment, you must follow a set of guidelines to prevent food getting stuck: exercises to strengthen the muscles of the jaw, erguidamente sit and pass three hours after dinner before going to sleep, eat foods Small and accompanying pieces of liquid filling, and spend considerable meals slowly chewing and swallowing time. ...
Earwax are one of the most common causes of hearing loss. In a small number they are beneficial because they protect the ear, preventing bacteria and other microorganisms can penetrate. Some people, however, produce more wax than the ear can take and is not capable of removing remove, which can lead to symptoms such as pain or ringing in the ears, feeling of being plugged or partial hearing loss. For treatment the aim is to soften the wax, which can be achieved with baby oil, commercial drops, glycerine, water or petrolatum; although we must not wipe too hard or often, as the wax helps keep ears protected. ...
Hearing loss is a decrease in hearing reversible or permanently, depending on the case. It can also affect only one ear or both, in this case as a bilateral hearing loss. Besides, hearing loss may be partial or total: mild hearing loss in the patient loses some forty decibels capacity at best, while in the most serious cases decreased more than ninety decibels. Here, the hearing loss can be classified depending on the amount of hearing loss, the location of the lesion, its origin and if also affects speech. In the case of children, if the deficiency is not detected early can cause problems in language development. The causes of hearing loss can be many: congenital diseases, infections, hole in the eardrum, wax buildup, pressure changes, constant exposure to loud noise or trauma such as skull fractures or explosions. The person affected by this disorder may have the following symptoms: difficulty hearing a conversation or television, pressure or ringing in the ears, fatigue and dizziness. Hearing loss can be cured with medicine or surgery, depending on the case. In addition, you may also place the patient a device to improve their hearing. ...
Stroke means the sudden cessation of cerebral circulation after injury of cerebral vessels, which starts unexpectedly and can develop within minutes in major neurological syndromes. Three basic ways of mechanisms of action are known: haemorrhagic (atherosclerosis and hypertension are usually most frequent causes them); cerebral thrombosis, arteriosclerosis again being the most common cause; and, thirdly, strokes. Clinically, depending on the location of the lesion some specific neurological signs, which may be in the form of motor, sensory impairment, and, in severe cases, coma and death will manifest. In the overall treatment of stroke it is essential to control risk factors such as hypertension, heart disease, snuff, diabetes mellitus ... ...
Nasal polyps or nasal polyps are some benign tumors that form on the inside of the nose or sinuses by inflammation of the mucosa. The cause of polyps is unknown, but is associated with allergies, asthma, sinusitis or cystic fibrosis. Polyps are the size of a grape and can completely block the nasal passages, resulting in the inability to patient breathing, loss of smell and taste, headache and nasal deformities. Treatment with medications such as steroid nasal sprays, tablets corticosteroids or antibiotics, only helps relieve the symptoms of nasal polyposis. Polyps can be removed by surgery endoscopically, but in many cases recur over time. ...
Rhinitis is a disease of the nasal mucosa causing sneezing, itchy nose, eyes and throat, shortness of smell, obstruction, secretion, and nasal congestion. This condition can be classified as allergic, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, dry rhinitis. Seasonal allergic rhinitis or hay fever is caused by allergy to pollen from late spring and early summer. Therefore, the symptoms that can also be skin, appear only at this time of year. Perennial allergic rhinitis is seasonal like regarding symptoms, but differs in that it is continuous throughout the year. The origin of this type of rhinitis may be allergy to mites or certain species of fungi atmospheric, or for a cause not be allergic (vasomotor rhinitis). The treatment of allergic rhinitis is the most widely used drugs antihistamines. Dry rhinitis, allergic unlike produces nasal dryness, which can lead to blockage, bleeding, crusting and tightness in the nose. It may be caused by the use of certain drugs, abuse of inhalants for nasal congestion, pollution, changes in temperature or dry environments. The treatment is to use moisturizers to keep moist nasal mucosa. ...
Sinusitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the sinuses, cavities located behind the forehead, cheeks and eyes. This condition can be caused by an infection (viral or bacterial) or by a fungus and can be divided into acute sinusitis or chronic sinusitis. Symptoms in both cases are the same: pain or pressure in the head, sore throat, stuffy and runny nose, loss of smell, fever, malaise, bad breath and coughing. The difference is that in acute sinusitis symptoms up to four weeks manifested, while chronic symptoms can last more than three months. Usually it sinusitis heals by itself, but may be given antibiotics. Sometimes, the patient may require surgery if the symptoms do not go away with treatment. ...
Sleep disorders are a group of disorders that occur in preventing sleep stages enjoy a proper rest, continuous and restful. This type of disorder can have several causes, such as physical or psychological disease (hyperthyroidism, anxiety ...), and even cause other diseases or problems in daily life (fatigue, poor performance, daytime sleepiness ...). Therefore the medical diagnosis is necessary to determine their causes. Among the most common sleep disorders are distinguished: insomnia, which is the inability to fall or stay asleep properly according to the physical needs of each person; It is sleepwalking, which is a state in which the person stands up and acts in a semi-conscious during sleep, unaware of what you do not remember; night terrors, fear episodes of agitation that may be associated with sleepwalking; or nightmares, which are unpleasant and frightening dreams that cause a rude awakening in both children and adults. ...
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by temporary occlusion of the upper airway, at the level of the pharynx during rest hours disorders. The best known manifestation of this problem is snoring, but in severe cases can stop breathing (apnea) for more than ten seconds, so that episodes of sleep interruptions occur overnight. These episodes cause depletion of oxygen in the brain, which increases the risk of cardiovascular problems, diabetes or stroke. The affected person may also experience sleepiness, general fatigue or depression, and impaired concentration and see their professional and personal performance. The most common causes of snoring and apnea are obesity, a soft palate too big and hypothyroidism. The treatment can be based on: weight loss, change life changes, leave the snuff and alcohol; wear a nasal mask that delivers air pressure controlled by a mechanical device (CPAP); and surgery on the palate. ...
The Vertigo is a feeling of imbalance arising from the structures of balance located in the inner ear (vestibular system) or connections of the structures of balance in the brain. When a sudden movement or a rapid change of the position of the head occur, can result in such connections balance problems, but do not usually last long. Among the symptoms they produce vertigo, the most common is dizziness. Anyway, dizziness can also be caused by diseases or disorders such as arrhythmia, insufficient production of blood in the heart, or the decrease in blood volume causes an inadequate flow of blood to the heart muscle. ...
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