Dr. Nicolás Toledano Fernández
• More than 25 years of experience• Oculoplastic surgeon in Ophthalmic and Oculoplastic center of Madrid • Head of After Sales Ophthalmic Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada ( Madrid)• Head of Ophthalmology. North Sanchinarro University Hospital ( Madrid) ...
• Specializing in eyelid surgery (ptosis, blepharoplasty, facial paralysis, ectropion and entropion, eyelid tumors ) in surgery of lacrimal and orbital surgery vias ( thyroid orbitopathy and orbital tumors )• Specializing in cataract surgery and ocular surface ( pterygium and dry eye )
Positions in public associations
• President of the Spanish Society of Plastic Surgery Ocular and Orbital.
• Associate Professor Medicine - Ophthalmology at the University Rey Juan Carlos• Assistant professor, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad San Pablo CEU Madrid
Publications and conferences
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Blepharoplasty, or surgery circles, is a surgical procedure to correct the defects of the eyelids, and sagging and excess skin or the appearance of ba Blepharoplasty, or surgery circles, is a surgical procedure to correct the defects of the eyelids, and sagging and excess skin or the appearance of bags. Through this intervention eyelid surgery, bags and eye edges, removed and rearranged excess skin, muscle of the eyelids, both above and below tightens and localized fat is extracted to remove the bags that form around eye. With eyelid surgery is improved and rejuvenates the appearance and expression of that area of the face, correcting the defects of the eyelids which give a tired and aged appearance to the face. ...
Cataracts, also known as facosclerosis are a total or partial obstruction of the lens or lens of the eye, whose function is to convert the light rays Cataracts, also known as facosclerosis are a total or partial obstruction of the lens or lens of the eye, whose function is to convert the light rays obtained images on the retina. So when this part is obstructed eye, vision becomes weak and blurred. There are many types of cataracts, and is a fairly common condition that increases with age. The only possible cure cataract and restore a correct view treatment is surgery to eradicate it, but it is only recommended when the patient suffers so severe discomfort that do not allow you to continue your daily life as normal or wearing glasses. The operation to correct cataract extraction is based on the area of the lens that is damaged and its replacement by an intraocular lens. ...
Ptosis is the fall of the eyelid as a result of relaxation of the muscles that hold it. This is one of the most common eyelid malpositions, and can oc Ptosis is the fall of the eyelid as a result of relaxation of the muscles that hold it. This is one of the most common eyelid malpositions, and can occur in patients of all ages either muscle weakness as desanclaje the tendon of the muscle. With regard to its causes, there are numerous, from injuries to neurological factors. They all cause difficulty in vision, so it is necessary to surgically intervene in order to repair the tendon or muscle shortening, as the case of that question. Various techniques exist for these interventions will depend on the condition of each patient eye. ...
Dry eye syndrome occurs when there is a shortage or lack of tear to the eye. This is one of the most common diseases in ophthalmology and is caused b Dry eye syndrome occurs when there is a shortage or lack of tear to the eye. This is one of the most common diseases in ophthalmology and is caused by an alteration in the tear film, causing discomfort and itching, eye dryness, grittiness and difficulty opening the eyes in the morning. Also, depending on the degree of drying, this condition is classified into light, medium and severe. In some cases it is a consequence of other diseases, so that their treatment will be closely linked to repairing the initial ailment. If this is an isolated pathology, the most common is to proceed to the replacement of these tears, the body does not produce by itself, provide artificial tears to the eyes the basic information it needs to function properly. They are applied in drops as a salve. ...
The eyelid malposition are abnormal positions taken eyelids for different reasons. These failures occur relatively frequently. In addition to conferring look unsightly, they can lead to vision and eye problems that could become serious. The most common malposition are: Eyelid retraction: position abnormally high or abnormally low upper eyelid lower eyelid. Ptosis: drooping of the upper eyelid. Entropion: the eyelid turns inward causing the eyelashes rubbing the cornea. Ectropion: rotation or turn outward the lower eyelid. ...
Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes progressive loss of nerve fibers in the optic nerve, whose proper functioning is essential to see clearly. Among its causes they are various, include vascular diseases and high blood pressure. As it is a generative disease, it is important to make an early diagnosis. In this regard, experts advise checking the view from 40, although the age of risk for glaucoma is established after 60 years. Although the vision waning because of this disease can not recover, you can prevent progression of glaucoma by lowering the intraocular pressure. This can be accomplished, according to the patient and medical recommendations, with the administration of drugs, laser techniques or noninvasive surgery. ...
Pterygium and pinguecula are two abnormal lumps in the conjunctiva of the eye that often emerge because of excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays. That's why doctors stress the importance of protecting the eyes from the sun. Specifically, pterygium appears as fleshy tissue on the cornea, its size may vary, and accordingly the treatment can range from applying drops to surgery. Meanwhile, pinguecula springs as a yellowish bump on the white of the eye. In this case, not grow over the cornea, usually not require any specific treatment unless it affects vision, in which case it would need to be removed by surgery. ...
Retinopathy is the common name of any non-inflammatory disease of the retina, the innermost layer of the eyeball responsible for receiving and sending images of the eye to the brain. That is why the term encompasses a range of conditions, the most common and known diabetic retinopathy, which occurs due to elevated blood glucose levels in these patients. The symptoms are not evident during the early stages of this type of retinopathy, which can lead to vision loss, so it is important that diabetics undergo regular eye examinations. Its main treatment is photocoagulation, laser surgery to repair abnormal blood vessels that have been created in the retina. Finally, in the case of blood that has entered into the vitreous humor, a vitrectomy is used, a type of surgery used only if the bleeding has been very generous. ...
Tearing or watery eyes is excessive tearing, which is generated when the duct that drains tears into the nose is clogged or malfunctioning. One of the most common causes of tearing is dry eyes. Dryness causes the eyes to produce too many tears and, therefore, excess tearing occurs. Irritation, infection or the growth of eyelashes into the eye may develop watery eyes. Although there are other common causes such as allergies to dust and mold that can cause conjunctivitis or tearing. ...
Skin wrinkles are formed by the passage of time and aging. The skin is deteriorating by gravity and external factors that are detrimental as too much sun, snuff, no rest or some diseases. It is very important to keep the skin clean and moisturized and avoid long exposure to the sun to prevent the process accelerates. To remove wrinkles there are different beauty treatments. ...
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