Dra. Beatriz Castaño Monsalve
• More than 15 years of experience• Assistant doctor at the Institut Guttmann (present)
• Neuropsychiatry• psychiatric intervention in neurorehabilitation • Diagnosis and treatment of behavioral and emotional disorders resulting from neurological diseases• Neuropharmacology of brain damage ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Neuropsychiatry is a scientific specialty that deals with the study and treatment of psychiatric or behavioral disorders that occur in patients with Neuropsychiatry is a scientific specialty that deals with the study and treatment of psychiatric or behavioral disorders that occur in patients with neurological diseases. The professionals of this branch perform neurological examinations, psychometric studies (from neuropsychology) and additional tests for evaluation of disorders such as Parkinson's, dementia, schizophrenia, stroke or head trauma. In turn, it complements neuropsychology research since the branch of neurology and neuropsychiatry with the study of the relationship between behavior and brain function in both healthy subjects and those suffering from some kind of brain damage. Thus, you can apply the advances in diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with deficiencies and damage to brain mechanisms linked to specific behaviors. ...
There is talk of anxiety disorder when the reaction alert a person to a situation or event promptly stressful is disproportionate, excessive and persi There is talk of anxiety disorder when the reaction alert a person to a situation or event promptly stressful is disproportionate, excessive and persistent intensity over time, or when the reaction is triggered in situations that are only perceived as threatening by the person suffering from this disorder. Treatment for anxiety is mainly based on psychotherapy but the duration depends on each patient. The most common anxiety disorders and their symptoms are: generalized anxiety disorder, a permanent state of chronic stress on the subject suffers from excessive worry and nervousness even without apparent cause;the phobic disorder that causes the person an irrational and persistent fear of an object, activity or specific situation, causing their avoidance (eg, fear of flying );anxiety attack, recurrent crises of fear without any direct cause spontaneously, causing extreme anxiety with symptoms like palpitations, feeling of choking, trembling&hellip ;; obsessive-compulsive disorder, which are irrational ideas and actions that the patient can not fail to have or do to avoid suffering anxiety (eg, washing hands frequently with extreme fear of catching something);disorder and post-traumatic stress reactions, acute or post-traumatic stress, characterized by persistent memories, an emotional state of exaggerated surveillance and general reduction of interest in daily activities. ...
Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and wit Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and with a disproportionate amount are included. Among the most common symptoms of these disorders are disobedience, impulsiveness, inattention, hostility, lies and insults, transgression of social norms, or antisocial character. Among the most common behavioral disorders in children are distinguished: the conduct disorder, a persistent and repeatedly aggressive behavior in which the child acts with hostility to others or their property, intimidating; and hyperkinetic disorders characterized by an early onset, in which predominates a considerable lack of attention in all activities, and a hyperactive, impulsive and undisciplined behavior. In addition, behavioral disorders associated with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), learning problems and clinical disorders (depression, anxiety ...) are presented. ...
Couples therapy is a type of psychotherapy practice designed to analyze and manage conflicts arising within a relationship. Depending on the type of Couples therapy is a type of psychotherapy practice designed to analyze and manage conflicts arising within a relationship. Depending on the type of problems suffered by a couple, the therapist adapts the treatment and the number and frequency of sessions to find the best solution to the problems of the relationship. The main objective is trying to achieve in couples therapy are recognizing the problem, understanding its operating guidelines (usually repetitive and pollutants), establishing a new partnership for the renewal of the relationship, changing its attitudes, and renewed and healthy communication. Besides, the psychology of partner, not only in charge of resolving conflicts for members to enjoy a stable and satisfactory relationship, but also deals with diagnosis and treatment of cases in which the best solution is separation, accompanying the people affected in this process and directing them to be as smooth as possible. ...
Depression is a mood disorder characterized mainly by prolonged and severe feelings of sadness associated with other symptoms and abnormal thinking and behavior, such as over-pessimistic ideas, lack of energy, sleep disturbance and appetite, or decreased interest and activity level. To distinguish a depressive disorder every passing state of sadness, the diagnosis of a psychiatrist is needed. There are several types of depressive disorders, by cause: endogenous depression, triggered by genetic or biological factors (hormonal changes or neurotransmitters that transmit nerve impulses in the brain); reactive depression generated by poor adaptation to external circumstances and environmental factors of strong emotional impact; minor depression or dysthymia, which are presented only some less intense symptoms normally associated with personality disorders and prolonged stress; or depression "masked", manifested by organic and functional disorders (somatization) and cardiovascular disorders, dizziness ... The therapist indicates what is the best treatment for each person, but basically will focus on psychotherapy sessions. ...
Disability is the situation under which a person has a physical, mental or sensory decrease that totally or partially disabled to work or perform daily tasks and to participate and interact with society. Thus, this limitation may affect activities such as learning, communication, mobility, self-care, housework, interpersonal relations, or coexistence. From the medical point of view, disability is a disease and therefore requires an individualized medical care depending on the type and severity of this. ...
Neurorehabilitation comprises a set of therapeutic techniques directed to patients with brain disorders and spinal cord. It is comprehensive neurophysiology tests (electromyogram, EEG), magnetic resonance imaging, biophysics stimulation (ultrasonic, infrared and ultraviolet rays, ozone, radiation) and other nerve conduction studies. Neurological rehabilitation improves quality of life for patients, helping the physical performance, motor skills, posture and balance, personality and socio-professional integration. ...
There is talk of personality disorder when the behavior, thoughts and emotions that make up the lifestyle of a person have a prolonged deviation in time with respect to personality patterns considered "healthy" within a field or stage. This type of psychiatric disorders come to interfere in the daily life of the person who suffers social adjustment problems, so its capacity for interaction and coexistence is complicated and can even cause social isolation. Therefore, the treatment of personality disorders requires tackled personalized counseling. Depending on the degree of variation of the structure of thought and the inappropriate behavior of these patients have been described different types of personality disorder: histrionic, the people who always want to be the focus and act dramatically and superficial; narcissist, arrogant typical subjects who believe omnipotent; limit or borderline, a pattern of impulsive, unstable and prone to self-injury character; antisocial, the subjects who act ruthlessly violent and evil; paranoid, which involves excessive distrust throughout; schizoid, typical of solitary and indifferent to people's feelings; obsessive, perfectionist or scrupulous the subject; avoidant, which implies avoidance of situations anxiety; or dependent, typical of undecided people and lack of self-esteem. ...
The spinal cord injury, or myelopathy, is a disturbance of the spinal cord that can cause a loss of feeling or mobility. It is important to note that the spinal cord does not have to be completely severed to suffer a loss of function. In fact most spinal cords, remain intact after a spinal cord injury. SCI not always related to a back injury or neck such as broken discs, spinal stenosis, etc. You may hurt your neck or back and spinal cord will not be damaged. Is a medical emergency whose poor outcome may determine a state of permanent paralysis depend on the level at which compression occurs, most affected the higher the proximity to the brain ...
Stress is a state of physical and emotional stress caused in response to a stimulus or pressure, either positive or negative. It is a state of defense, in small doses, helps the body to react and adapt to events. Thus, a normal level of stress is considered healthy and even positive as it helps to encourage people to act to stimuli of daily life. However, when stress is excessive or not adequately controlled, it can cause mental wear, such as irritability and anxiety, and psychosomatic disorders. A psychosomatic disorder is a physiological disease caused by emotional causes, usually by stress. Some of the most common psychosomatic disorders caused by stress are headaches, insomnia, muscle tension, digestive and heart problems, dizziness ... ...
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