Dra. Cristina García López
• More than 15 years of experience• Child and youth, Unit School Learning Disorders ( UTAE ) Psicologa.
Publications and conferences
• Co-author of several scientific and outreach in national and international magazines.• Presentation of oral communications and posters in several national and international conferences.
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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There is talk of anxiety disorder when the reaction alert a person to a situation or event promptly stressful is disproportionate, excessive and persi There is talk of anxiety disorder when the reaction alert a person to a situation or event promptly stressful is disproportionate, excessive and persistent intensity over time, or when the reaction is triggered in situations that are only perceived as threatening by the person suffering from this disorder. Treatment for anxiety is mainly based on psychotherapy but the duration depends on each patient. The most common anxiety disorders and their symptoms are: generalized anxiety disorder, a permanent state of chronic stress on the subject suffers from excessive worry and nervousness even without apparent cause;the phobic disorder that causes the person an irrational and persistent fear of an object, activity or specific situation, causing their avoidance (eg, fear of flying );anxiety attack, recurrent crises of fear without any direct cause spontaneously, causing extreme anxiety with symptoms like palpitations, feeling of choking, trembling&hellip ;; obsessive-compulsive disorder, which are irrational ideas and actions that the patient can not fail to have or do to avoid suffering anxiety (eg, washing hands frequently with extreme fear of catching something);disorder and post-traumatic stress reactions, acute or post-traumatic stress, characterized by persistent memories, an emotional state of exaggerated surveillance and general reduction of interest in daily activities. ...
Autism is a chronic neurological disorder that is usually diagnosed in the first years of life of children and primarily affecting development in the Autism is a chronic neurological disorder that is usually diagnosed in the first years of life of children and primarily affecting development in the area of social interaction and communication. In addition, often they have repetitive behaviors, both in his actions and speech, although depending on the case and severity some autistic fail to speak. The causes of this disease are not known, but the genetic factor plays an important role in its development. In addition, there is no cure for autism, although behavioral therapies and certain medications can help control symptoms. Asperger syndrome can be considered a mild form of autism, as well as difficulties in speech and social interaction, often characterized as people with this disorder have a clearly above-average skills in a particular area (for example, in the calculation) and a remarkable memory for some details. On the other hand, Rett syndrome is a disorder of the nervous system that is often confused with autism and that is a regression in development that mostly affects the handling of the hands and expressive language. ...
Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and wit Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and with a disproportionate amount are included. Among the most common symptoms of these disorders are disobedience, impulsiveness, inattention, hostility, lies and insults, transgression of social norms, or antisocial character. Among the most common behavioral disorders in children are distinguished: the conduct disorder, a persistent and repeatedly aggressive behavior in which the child acts with hostility to others or their property, intimidating; and hyperkinetic disorders characterized by an early onset, in which predominates a considerable lack of attention in all activities, and a hyperactive, impulsive and undisciplined behavior. In addition, behavioral disorders associated with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), learning problems and clinical disorders (depression, anxiety ...) are presented. ...
Depression is a mood disorder characterized mainly by prolonged and severe feelings of sadness associated with other symptoms and abnormal thinki Depression is a mood disorder characterized mainly by prolonged and severe feelings of sadness associated with other symptoms and abnormal thinking and behavior, such as over-pessimistic ideas, lack of energy, sleep disturbance and appetite, or decreased interest and activity level. To distinguish a depressive disorder every passing state of sadness, the diagnosis of a psychiatrist is needed. There are several types of depressive disorders, by cause: endogenous depression, triggered by genetic or biological factors (hormonal changes or neurotransmitters that transmit nerve impulses in the brain); reactive depression generated by poor adaptation to external circumstances and environmental factors of strong emotional impact; minor depression or dysthymia, which are presented only some less intense symptoms normally associated with personality disorders and prolonged stress; or depression "masked", manifested by organic and functional disorders (somatization) and cardiovascular disorders, dizziness ... The therapist indicates what is the best treatment for each person, but basically will focus on psychotherapy sessions. ...
Insomnia also frequently affects children, knowing as childhood insomnia or sleep disorders in children. Sleep needs vary from child, so that there is a consistent pattern on the hours a child should sleep. One can speak of childhood insomnia when a child has trouble sleeping or regularly maintain it throughout the night. If you are tired and / or sleepy during the day it is also a sign of childhood insomnia. ...
Learning disorders in children encompass alterations of some of the basic cognitive processes that affect the way the brain processes information. Normally, manifest only as a deficit in very specific areas such as writing, reading or calculating. Children who suffer from this disorder, have a lower school performance although most of them have normal or above-average intelligence. The main specific developmental learning disorders usually affect perception, emotion, speech, writing and reading, attention, and motor coordination and activity. Therefore, it is important to diagnose the problem early in order to avoid further complications in the development of children and implement a pedagogic intervention based, through the coordination of physical, psychological or speech therapists, as the case therapy treatment. ...
Child psychology is a specialty that deals with the diagnosis, study and treatment of problems of physical, motor, cognitive, perceptual, emotional and social development of children of all ages through adolescence. Some of the most common psychological disorders in the consultations are related to fears and language disorders, sleep, activity or food. The child psychologist analyzes by segment observing their behavior and conversation to make a diagnosis of possible problems or disorders and offer the most appropriate therapy for each case. In addition, all variables of child development are discussed, including both social and environmental influences such as genetic factor. Normally, the psychotherapeutic work also involves the cooperation of parents and teachers, as well as continuing its guidance for positive child development. ...
There is talk of personality disorder when the behavior, thoughts and emotions that make up the lifestyle of a person have a prolonged deviation in time with respect to personality patterns considered "healthy" within a field or stage. This type of psychiatric disorders come to interfere in the daily life of the person who suffers social adjustment problems, so its capacity for interaction and coexistence is complicated and can even cause social isolation. Therefore, the treatment of personality disorders requires tackled personalized counseling. Depending on the degree of variation of the structure of thought and the inappropriate behavior of these patients have been described different types of personality disorder: histrionic, the people who always want to be the focus and act dramatically and superficial; narcissist, arrogant typical subjects who believe omnipotent; limit or borderline, a pattern of impulsive, unstable and prone to self-injury character; antisocial, the subjects who act ruthlessly violent and evil; paranoid, which involves excessive distrust throughout; schizoid, typical of solitary and indifferent to people's feelings; obsessive, perfectionist or scrupulous the subject; avoidant, which implies avoidance of situations anxiety; or dependent, typical of undecided people and lack of self-esteem. ...
Psychological assessment is an instrument of scientific assessment of the capabilities and skill level of an individual and / or group of people at various levels, both intellectual and emotional, communication, and social or environmental interaction. The evaluation allows to know, describe and classify the personality and skills of the individual or group study subject by applying different tests or psychological tests tailored to assess specific areas of interest. Currently, these techniques are used in the process of recruitment companies, the study of personalities prosecuted in the courts, or for the assessment of pupils in schools, among other sectors. By understanding the specifics of a subject, you can target and optimize their potential and behaviors, help overcome problems or lead to the person in their decision making. Therefore, the psychological evaluation is so important in education. ...
Sleep disorders are a group of disorders that occur in preventing sleep stages enjoy a proper rest, continuous and restful. This type of disorder can have several causes, such as physical or psychological disease (hyperthyroidism, anxiety ...), and even cause other diseases or problems in daily life (fatigue, poor performance, daytime sleepiness ...). Therefore the medical diagnosis is necessary to determine their causes. Among the most common sleep disorders are distinguished: insomnia, which is the inability to fall or stay asleep properly according to the physical needs of each person; It is sleepwalking, which is a state in which the person stands up and acts in a semi-conscious during sleep, unaware of what you do not remember; night terrors, fear episodes of agitation that may be associated with sleepwalking; or nightmares, which are unpleasant and frightening dreams that cause a rude awakening in both children and adults. ...
Social phobia is an intense and irrational fear in which the person feels anxiety to situations involving human relationships in environments with a large number of people around. People with social phobia usually avoid environments in which they can be judged by others. Situations such as public speaking, have a conversation or going to parties, are just some of the situations that cause patients blush, shake them or hinders speech. Typically, this condition usually develops during youth and can last for a lifetime. ...
Stress is a state of physical and emotional stress caused in response to a stimulus or pressure, either positive or negative. It is a state of defense, in small doses, helps the body to react and adapt to events. Thus, a normal level of stress is considered healthy and even positive as it helps to encourage people to act to stimuli of daily life. However, when stress is excessive or not adequately controlled, it can cause mental wear, such as irritability and anxiety, and psychosomatic disorders. A psychosomatic disorder is a physiological disease caused by emotional causes, usually by stress. Some of the most common psychosomatic disorders caused by stress are headaches, insomnia, muscle tension, digestive and heart problems, dizziness ... ...
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