• More than 25 years of experience• Director of clinical Balust Odontolegs
• Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery in 1991 from UB• Degree in Dentistry from UB in 1994
• Title of radiobiology and radioproteccio by UB• Graduate Orthodontics, straight wire technique in 1999• Postgraduate Periodontics by the Catalan Odontoestomatolgy Society, the Academy of Medical Sciences of Catalonia and the Balearic Islands the year 2003• Cosmetic Dental Postgraduate by Autran Advanced Dental Institute. ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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A dental implant is an artificial fixing piece in the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth. To implement it, the dentist should stick a titaA dental implant is an artificial fixing piece in the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth. To implement it, the dentist should stick a titanium screw into the jawbone, on which after a prosthetic crown (artificial tooth) is placed. This surgery can be classified into various types, according to the phases in which it is carried out: immediate dental implants, when the implant is placed immediately after tooth extraction to shortening the rehabilitation time and avoiding a second surgery; Recent dental implants, when between extraction and implant elapse between six and eight weeks; delayed implantation, when the dentist makes a regeneration of bone first, then wait for the implant about six months; and mature dental implants, if it has been more than nine months between the two phases.
A dental prosthesis or denture is a device that seeks to replace lost teeth. Thanks to these chewing, swallowing, speech and dental aesthetics is restA dental prosthesis or denture is a device that seeks to replace lost teeth. Thanks to these chewing, swallowing, speech and dental aesthetics is restored. There are two types:
- Fixed dental prostheses: crowns or veneers that are placed over the tooth.
- Removable dental prosthesis: transmit force to the teeth, gums and bone. Require special care and maintenance adaptation. Ation against daily care and cleaning, to prevent further consequences.
What are immediate loading implants?
Immediate loading implants are those in which the dental implant (screw that replaces the root of the tooth) What are immediate loading implants?
Immediate loading implants are those in which the dental implant (screw that replaces the root of the tooth) and a provisional prosthesis are placed in a single intervention. This technique favors the healing of the bone tissue and the integration of the implants in the bone, which makes it possible to dispense with the period without fixed teeth, with the consequent aesthetic and functional advantages, because the prosthesis resting on the gums does not reduce the discomfort , so that the patient can smile and eat from the first moment.
The provisional dental prosthesis is removed when it has been three to six months since the insertion of the implants. Instead, the dentist will place the final piece that has been made so that it integrates with the rest of the patient's teeth. The intervention is carried out under local anesthesia.
For what type of patients are immediate loading implants indicated?
These types of implants are recommended for those patients who suffer the loss of one, several or all of the teeth or if they suffer a significant deterioration of them. In addition, the patient must meet certain requirements to be able to undergo the procedure. Among them, have an adequate amount and quality of bone, undergo a good periodontal maintenance and also comply with a good gingival and periodontal state of the adjacent teeth.
Immediate loading implants offer multiple advantages for the patient
How is the procedure carried out?
The implants that are placed on the patient can be a unit or a full arch. In the second case you can place between four and six implants that serve as support for a prosthesis.
The fixed prosthesis that is placed initially is provisional, and is done in this way to guarantee a correct osseointegration of the implant in the bone. Once the period has been completed according to the specialist's criteria, usually after the third month, the final fixed prosthesis is placed.
Advantages of immediate loading implants
One of the most important advantages for the patient with the placement of an immediate load implant is that it offers the possibility of continuously carrying the temporary fixed prosthesis without the need to carry the removable prosthesis, which can be annoying. In addition, it offers a progressive adaptation to the definitive prosthesis.
The patient can recover the functionality of their teeth, especially chewing, in addition to improving their phonation and aesthetics.
Some specialists even recommend immediate loading and conscious sedation to replace all the teeth with fixed teeth in just one day.
The abscess or abscess is an accumulation of pus caused by bacterial infection of the root of a tooth. The origin of the abscess or phlegmon may be diThe abscess or abscess is an accumulation of pus caused by bacterial infection of the root of a tooth. The origin of the abscess or phlegmon may be different: in a cavity, which has infected inside the tooth, the nerve root and even bone; or periodontal disease has caused the movement of the teeth. The most common symptoms that produces an abscess include pain in the affected area difficult chewing, tooth sensitivity, bitter taste, bad breath, fever and swollen glands in the neck, among others. Abscess treatment is antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and mouth rinses with warm water and salt. If this therapy does not work, the dentist will make an incision to treat the infected nerve and place a filling or a crown over the tooth to prevent fracturing.
What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects the bad position of the bones and teeth by applying different types of forces with appliances. Orthodontics is indicated for cases of crowding of teeth or when the bad position of the teeth prevents proper cleaning, which increases the risk of diseases such as caries or periodontitis. Therefore, orthodontics aims to contribute to the welfare of the patient, improving the function and aesthetics of their teeth.
The devices used can be fixed (bands and brackets) or removable, allowing the patient to remove them from the mouth during oral hygiene and during meals. Orthodontics is a technique applicable both in children and adults, although the advantage of orthodontics in children over orthodontics in adults is that it allows more effective results because it can be applied during the development of bone structures.
Advantages that orthodontics provides in adults
There are many adults with teeth that are misaligned or with dental malocclusion, which can lead to wear of the teeth and problems in the jaw. The cause can be hereditary or due to a bad position in the exit or eruption of the teeth in childhood.
At this stage the bones no longer grow, there may be a loss of the teeth or even the bone that supports them. This can be corrected with procedures such as brackets or elastic devices that allow correction of the denture in the precise direction. Although sometimes these treatments are not effective and surgery is necessary, through which the bones are well placed, since the patient has overcome the growth stage to be able to modify them. Afterwards, orthodontics can be used to achieve a stable occlusion and aligned teeth.
Among the most requested procedures is Invisalign
Types of orthodontics in adults
Among the types of orthodontics are procedures such as:
- Invisalign: is a type of invisible orthodontics that is more comfortable and hygienic.
- Lingual orthodontics: they are fine and personalized brackets for each tooth, placed on the inside, so they are also invisible.
- Sapphire brackets: they are the conventional brackets although they are made with the color of the teeth, being little visible.
- Metallic brackets: they are the conventional ones. They are usually more indicated in children, although they can also be effective in adults.
How to choose what type of orthodontics is most appropriate in an adult
The decision on which procedure to appeal should be taken together with the orthodontic specialist, since each patient needs an individualized treatment according to their needs.
Increasingly there is a greater demand for cosmetic dentistry that requires the same results as conventional, but also be pleasing aesthetically. It also refers to a type of treatment that uses ceramic brackets and the color is similar to tooth or even transparent. Therefore, the main difference with the metal is purely aesthetic, but there is a difference in terms of cost, since it is a little higher than conventional orthodontics. ...
The dental bone graft is performed in the area Ondontología to increase or preserve bone lacks the amount of bone that is in the area where you want to place a fixed tooth. It is not always necessary to perform a bone graft but in some cases it is essential especially if it is necessary to raise the maxillary sinus, if there is little bone defect or if it has that make it impossible to implant placement.
Bruxism is the action to exert pressure between the teeth and make them slide causing problems in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and wear of the surface of the teeth. The main causes of bruxism are stress, body and closing the mouth position, sleeping habits or the patient's ability to relax. Bruxism evaluation should be done with this in count in the field of dentistry and otolaryngology, since it can cause hearing disorders such as ear infections. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain, prevent tooth decay and reduce teeth grinding full. To relieve pain you can apply ice, avoid eating hard foods like nuts, candy or steaks, drink lots of water, sleep and reduce stress. The damage of the teeth, mouth prosthesis often called splints or appliances apply.
Cleft palate, also known as cleft palate is a congenital deformity of the mouth caused by an abnormality in the first months of fetal development. It is an incomplete development of the palate, that can be opened to such a large degree that it extends even to the nasal cavity. This open space between mouth and nose can affect both sides of the palate and, in more serious cases, spread to the throat. Therefore, depending on the case, cleft palate can cause difficulties for the patient if you do not operate in the first months of life and throat infections, delayed language and speech, functional difficulty eating and breathing. Generally, the surgical correction of cleft palate is usually performed before 18 months of age to prevent further complications and restore both physical appearance of the patient and the development of his mouth and palate.
This type of dental caps are made to fit the patient's teeth, and are made of a resin that perfectly blends with the teeth and enamel, and also adapts to them and to the surrounding tissues. The process of placing composite veneers is similar to dental fillings, only the front teeth need a more precise finish, and its placement technique is more accurate.
Tooth decay is a disease that affects the tissues of the teeth, which are destroyed because of the acids plaque. The teeth affected are drilled gradually, causing pain when the infection reaches the nerve. People who are often most affected are children and young people, but can occur at any age.
The cleaning is preventive dental care to maintain good oral hygiene. The neglect of teeth can lead to an excessive accumulation of plaque and tartar in the mouth, which can lead to tooth decay, halitosis or diseases such as gingivitis or periodontitis. The dental cleaning involves brushing correctly two or three times a day, flossing, rinsing the mouth with antibacterial liquid and visit the dentist regularly to undergo a professional teeth cleaning, also known as dental prophylaxis. Treatment is simple but its intensity depends on the accumulated plaque and tartar. The dentist begins the process of removal of tartar with ultrasound tool; then polish the tooth to clean stains; It plaque then treated with liquid sodium bicarbonate pressure; and finally applies fluoride on teeth.
Cosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments for aesthetic purposes are oral hygiene, enamel micro-abrasion, aesthetic contouring, dental blanquamiento, restorative treatment, orthodontic and periodontal treatment. Thanks to constant technological advances, techniques and machinery to provide the patient oral aesthetics are becoming more sophisticated.
What is a dental implant maintenance?
The care of dental implants is essential for its proper functioning. If they are not properly fixed as they are natural teeth can develop gum inflammation, infections and loss of bone mass. In addition to the periodontal disease of implants, known as periimplantitis, in which inflammation and infection occurs around. The maintenance of dental implants is the set of care that should be followed by a patient who has been fitted with prostheses on dental implants.
The maintenance begins the same day of the placement of the definitive prostheses, by means of a control to supervise that there is a perfect balance between the teeth of the upper and lower jaw so that the implants are not forced by certain movements of the mouth.
The new teeth do not suffer decay but the gum itself could be infected by the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Therefore, the patient should brush his teeth between two and three times a day, use dental floss, rinse his mouth with antibacterial liquids, undergo regular professional checkups and cleanings and avoid tobacco.
Brushing is one of the key points to follow a good maintenance of dental implants
Recommendations for proper maintenance of dental implants
The first essential recommendation is to go to the dentist annually, since the new teeth do not suffer decay but the gum itself could be infected by the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Therefore, the patient should brush his teeth between two and three times a day, use dental floss, rinse his mouth with antibacterial liquids, undergo regular professional checkups and cleanings and avoid tobacco.
What will be the revisions made by the specialist?
It is essential that the specialist perform periodic x-rays to verify that the level of bone around the implants is adequate. In addition, you should also evaluate the state of the dental restorations around the implant, to verify that they are safe and work properly.
What are zygomatic implants?
Zygomatic implants are those that are placed in the bone of the cheekbone in patients who suffer atrophy in the jawbone, that is, a severe loss of this. They allow good results in terms of function and aesthetics.
How is the intervention developed?
The procedure consists of two parts; In the first of these, a provisional dental prosthesis is placed and, in the second, the definitive prosthesis is placed. The technique is developed so that the implant is inserted into the zygoma or bone of the cheekbone, without the need for bone grafts and always carried out by a specialist in dentistry. Recovery takes between 24 and 48 hours.
Zygomatic implants are ideal for patients with absence of maxillary bone
For what type of patients are they indicated?
It is an appropriate procedure for those patients who suffer a partial or total loss of the maxillary bone, who have lost their teeth at an early age or who have worn dentures for a long period of time and this has affected their facial bone structure. In addition, it is also indicated for patients who have previously suffered periodontal diseases.
Results of zygomatic implants
With these fixed implants, both the ability to chew and the facial aesthetics that is lost with the lack of teeth or maxillary bone are recovered. The process is faster because it does not require osseointegration of the affected area or hospital admission. On the other hand, the post-operative is much more favorable for the patient because the discomfort that you will notice after the intervention will be minimal, thus being able to lead a totally normal daily life. Its success is also greater because the prosthesis that is placed is fixed and is not affected by the loss of teeth or by periodontal diseases.
The dental malocclusion is the misalignment of teeth (bite), ie the upper teeth do not fit properly with the lower, and usually hereditary. The patient has a size difference between jaws or between jaw and tooth. Other factors that may cause malocclusion are loss of teeth, thumb sucking or pacifier use. The main symptoms are causing deviant teeth, crowded or protruding, and cause trouble eating and speaking. Treatment of dental malocclusion involves the use of fixed or removable appliances to correct the alignment of the teeth and jaw position. In children and adolescents the extraction of some teeth may also be needed to make room for those who have yet to grow. Children's dental malocclusion is easier to correct than the adult because bone growth is still under development. By using such apparatus straighten teeth and the jaw moves. But in adulthood you can align teeth through orthodontics, but the position of the jaws can be changed only with orthognathic surgery.
The dental reconstruction consists of the replacement or repair of teeth, bones or tissue. This treatment is indicated for both the problems of damaged and worn to treat TMJ syndrome (a disorder of the jaw joint that causes headache and neck and sometimes a snap chewing) teeth. In some cases where tooth decay is severe we proceed to full mouth reconstruction and cosmetic techniques for it and combine neuromuscular dentistry. Besides, orthodontics can be used to correct the misalignment of teeth and address, then the dental restoration with porcelain veneers, dental crowns, bridges, implants and inlays.
The root canal is a treatment which involves cutting deep in the tooth when the area is damaged. The therapy is indicated when there is a widespread dental decay or fracture that caused an inflammation or death of the dental pulp. The aim of endodontics is maintaining healthy tooth to be useful for chewing, avoiding having to extract the tooth. The technique involves removing the nerve, clean the root canal and then seal it with a thermoplastic material (gutta percha) and cement or other sealing material. Subsequently, various radiographs are necessary to ensure the accuracy of the result. The term root canal is also used as a synonym for Endodontology, a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the dental pulp.
Wrinkle treatment with facial fillers is a technique of facial rejuvenation without discrimination on the infiltration of substances such as hyaluronic acid, to remove wrinkles and restore firmness of the skin, especially in the corners of the mouth surgery, the upper lips, eyebrows, forehead or cheek. The filler is injected with a fine needle and a short skin depth, depending on the type of substance that composes, its effect has a different duration. Among the different existing facial fillers, the most used are: hyaluronic acid, a natural substance that adds volume to tissues and stimulates collagen production by its high water content; collagen, an essential protein from the skin, which acts replacing the collagen that has been lost in the treated area, effective both to remove deep wrinkles and fine; calcium hydroxyapatite, or Radiesse, a mineral gel compound, calcium and water, suitable for deep folds; among others.
Fluoridation is the application of fluoride to prevent tooth decay because fluoride is an element that acts as a shield against bacteria glaze. This treatment can be performed by rinsing (mouthwashes), gels, varnishes and toothpastes. Fluoride is toxic in large quantities and therefore should be avoided intake. Patients can use daily toothpastes and mouthwashes low concentration, which is the easiest way to apply the treatment. Furthermore, the technique most commonly used by specialists in the query is the gel which is deposited into molds adapted to the patient's teeth for a maximum of four minutes. The duration of the process, the dentist will place a vacuum cleaner to prevent the patient accidentally swallow some gel. On completion, the individual should spit to remove excess gel preventing ingestion.
Sedation and anesthesia are generally decreasing or eliminating pain by administering substances to the patient during a procedure. Sedation allows patients to reduce their level of consciousness, that is, reduce the excitation of the central nervous system, to reassure and change your perception of pain. The state of consciousness varies according to the type of sedation, deep or shallow. So you can make patients drowsy but responds to commands or does not react to any stimulus. General anesthesia, like deep sedation is a reversible and temporary state of unconsciousness, that is, the cessation of activity of the central nervous system with the consequent loss of pain throughout the body. In dentistry, general anesthesia is indicated for infants and young children, people with mental illness, in allergic patients to local anesthetics, and in very large operations. Drugs or drugs used as general anesthesia or sedation may be administered by the inhaled route, intravenous, intramuscular, oral or rectal. Both for sedation to general anesthesia, the medical team should make a preliminary study of the individual to ensure their safety and effectiveness for interventions.
The gummy smile is a deformity characterized by over-teaching higher gum when smiling. The causes of the gummy smile may be due to a very large gum overgrowth maxillary bone, overactive muscles that elevate the upper lip or a strong tooth wear that is unbalanced ratio between the tooth and gum. The gummy smile can be treated by surgery called gingivectomy operation, which involves removing excess upper gum. The intervention is performed under local anesthesia and is also indicated for the correction of the jawbone. When the origin of the deformity is in the contraction of the lips, the problem can be solved with botox, but it is a temporary and reversible treatment.
Gingivitis is an inflammation or infection of the gums caused by the accumulation of tartar and plaque on the tissues of the mouth. It can be caused by injury to the gums, poor oral hygiene, misaligned teeth, hormonal changes (such as pregnancy or menstruation), or other diseases. The most obvious symptom of this disease is bleeding gums, but also produces sensitivity, red appearance, mouth sore, receding gums or bad breath. Treatment of gingivitis is a complete dental cleaning to reduce inflammation, which must be accompanied by proper brushing and flossing. If gingivitis is not treated properly it can lead to periodontitis, known as periodontal disease or pyorrhea which causes inflammation of the gums extends to the ligaments and bones that hold the teeth and, therefore, the teeth become loose or even fall. The treatment of periodontitis may include surgery to remove the gum infection and rebuild tooth brackets.
The gum graft is a surgical procedure that involves using tissue from the palate of the patient (most recommended), or synthetic, and place it in the place where the roots of the teeth have been exposed by receding gums. The dentist will use local anesthesia to treat the affected area, on which he placed a protective cover after making the graft, which was withdrawn a week later, approximately. This technique reduces the chances of losing teeth and provides protection to the roots. It also reduces sensitivity to temperature changes and improves the appearance or aesthetics of the smile. After surgery, the patient may notice some discomfort at the gum or the area from which the tissue was removed for grafting. Typically, the pain goes away within a week or two.
Halitosis is bad breath or bad breath. The causes of this disorder may be oral (Problems with teeth, gums, saliva, tongue ...) or extra-oral (respiratory disorders, digestive disorders or organic or consumption of snuff and alcohol). Normally, halitosis originates in the mouth, as a result of bacterial decomposition of food waste. Treatment may involve: removing tartar or plaque, or extraction of teeth with caries, flossing and antiseptic fluorine, applying a brushed three times a day, avoid snuff, alcohol and coffee. .. Halitosis can affect people psychologically affected, as they may have problems in their family and social life.
The teeth included are those who keep erupting in the mouth, ie, remaining inside the bone part or in full. Usually it refers to wisdom teeth, also called third molars, which are between 17 and 25 years old. Its appearance can cause severe discomfort and infection, so in most cases surgery is required. Wisdom teeth are easier to remove when the patient is young, because their roots are not fully formed and there is less risk of damage to nerves or other nearby structures. No need to wait for the wisdom teeth are troublesome to carry out extraction, since their early exit promotes better results. The operation is performed under local anesthesia, intravenous sedation or general anesthesia, as recommended by the oral or maxillofacial surgeon.
Invisalign is an invisible orthodontics technique using a removable splints (aligners), imperceptible to the eye, which correct the position of the teeth without using metal braces. For this treatment a virtual representation of the face is generated in three dimensions in which the expected movement of the teeth is displayed. The aligners are made of a material transparent to the patient as plastic and should be changed every two weeks for a new slightly different to previous progressively to achieve the desired effect. In addition, splints can be removed at any time, so allow eating, drinking and perform oral hygiene without any problems. Above all it is important to keep the aligners clean to prevent caries and periodontal diseases. Average Invisalign treatment lasts between nine and eighteen months.
What is invisible orthodontics?
The invisible orthodontics is the correction of the position of the bones and teeth by devices that are not visible to the eye. In this technique the fixed devices (brackets) are placed on the inside of the teeth, while in the conventional they are located on the external side. With this treatment the same results are obtained but with a higher cost and a longer period of time.
Currently, the invisible orthodontics has developed another technique that consists of transparent removable splints that are located on the outside of the teeth and that are practically imperceptible to the eye. They are made to measure and with a resistant plastic material (polycarbonate). The treatment time is usually similar to the conventional technique.
The two main types of invisible orthodontics are Invisalign and lingual orthodontics
Types of invisible orthodontics
Among the types of invisible orthodontics are two main types:
- Lingual orthodontics: it is similar to conventional orthodontics, although the brackets are less thick and are placed on the inside of the teeth, so that they are imperceptible to the outside. They are also custom designed according to the dental structure of each patient using a 3D computer program.
- Invisalign: this is an innovative treatment that consists of custom fabrication of a transparent splint in which accessories are placed internally to control the displacement of the teeth towards the required position. The splint is made of plastic materials and is changed every two weeks, according to the specialist's instructions. Apart from being invisible, another advantage is that it is completely removable, so the patient can remove the prosthesis whenever necessary.
Advantages and disadvantages of invisible orthodontic types
All techniques are effective, although it is true that there are differences between them. Invisalign is a procedure in which no wires or brackets are used, so that ulcerations and discomfort associated with this type of orthodontics are avoided. In addition, it is removable, so it is much more comfortable for the patient to be able to remove the prosthesis to eat and brush their teeth, which is an advantage to follow a good maintenance of oral hygiene.
On the other hand, the lingual orthodontic system is not removable, although it avoids the damages that conventional orthodontic appliances can cause, such as decalcification and staining. In addition, the lingual treatment is totally invisible.
The oral medicine is the part of dentistry responsible for diagnosing and treating diseases originating in the mouth (called primary) and general diseases affecting this area (known as secondary), affecting structures of the oral cavity or adjacent. The oral drug is not merely the inspection of teeth but checks tongue, palate, lips, cheeks and floor of the mouth in order to detect both benign and malignant diseases is important to treat in time. The conditions can be diagnosed with an intraoral and extraoral visual examination of the mouth and through additional tests such as x-rays, biopsies, cultures, blood tests and microbiological tests. Also, a good diagnosis must take into account the patient's history. Treatment depends on the type of disease, but may include the administration of drugs or surgery, either to repair the damage or to remove the lesion.
Orthognathic surgery is surgery to correct the position of the maxilla and mandible. The objective of this procedure is to get a good fit of these two bones to improve jaw function and aesthetics of the face. This surgery is indicated for patients with dental malocclusion that can not be treated only with orthodontics. The types of corrective surgery are: mandibular advancement, when the lower teeth and chin are lagging behind the rest of the face; closing the open bite, when the upper and lower teeth do not contact to shut up and leave a space; and jaw asymmetry, when the chin and teeth deviate sideways. To find out which treatment is most appropriate, a study is carried out in three dimensions with x rays. The images allow to know what area should be operated and perform process simulation. Before the intervention, the individual must bear fixtures for a while so that the teeth fit together when the jaws have been put in place with the intervention.
The children's dentistry is the area of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and dental care for children. The first aim of this specialty is the parents of the importance of teaching and help their children maintain good oral hygiene by brushing teeth awareness, and take them to the dentist regularly, while showing no discomfort. Acquire from childhood oral hygiene habits reduce your chances of getting cavities, gingivitis or periodontitis. In addition, early diagnosis of any condition and treatment will help in the future, to have a better oral development. Controlling the oral health of children is important, since the mouth plays a critical role in nutrition, phonetics and aesthetics of the people. In children, the most common problems are caries and malocclusion of the teeth that are treated by restorative and orthodontic techniques (devices), respectively. ...
The child's orthodontic correction of bones and teeth misplaced by removable fixtures (brackets) or. During childhood, orthodontics is more effective because the bony structures are still developing. Thus, it is easier to detect and correct any problems with the jawbone early. Last childhood, bony structures of the face may be amended only with orthognathic surgery, for which you can make a combined surgical orthodontic treatment. This treatment is used in adults only in the total growth of the jaw has been completed. Prior to surgery, the patient must bear fixtures for a while so that the teeth fit together when the jaws have been put in place with the intervention. The operation is performed in a hospital and involves moving the upper and lower jaws as required by the case.
What is periodontal maintenance?
Periodontal maintenance is the period after periodontal surgery due to periodontitis or pyorrhea. This stage of the treatment of the disease is important, among other things, to prevent the fall of the teeth or to keep as many of them. Periodontal maintenance consists of periodic visits to the dentist (about three times a year) to have a total disinfection of the mouth with the aim of eliminating plaque or tartar starts, since the bacteria that have caused periodontitis can cause new damages in the gums.
How is periodontal maintenance carried out?
At check-ups the dentist examines the condition of the gums and the evolution of the disease. In any case, it will recommend a customized periodontal maintenance plan to each patient.
Periodontal maintenance is essential to prevent oral diseases
Why is it recommended to perform periodontal maintenance?
Specialists in dentistry recommend that patients follow periodontal maintenance to prevent tooth loss. It is a procedure that can be followed by those patients who have suffered a pathology such as periodontitis and pyorrhea as well as those who do not, as it is the removal of plaque or tartar, which is a good method of prevention for possible oral diseases .
What follow-up should the patient do without consultation?
It is also recommended that patients, even if they visit the dentist at least three times a year, follow a series of guidelines in particular so that the treatment is effective and thus avoid the development of pathologies. The essential guideline is to comply with good dental hygiene, that is, brush your teeth after each meal and avoid those foods with a large amount of sugar, as they can damage the teeth.
Periodontal surgery is the technique used to treat mouth tissues affected by periodontal disease or pyorrhea, a chronic bacterial infection that attacks the gums, ligament and bone surrounding the teeth. Periodontal surgery allows the dentist to clean contaminated tissues, smooth surfaces of the tooth roots and remove damaged bags infection. Periodontal surgery can replace or rebuild damaged structures using similar materials to transplant the bone and gum tissue lost. In this way, you can get your gums back to stick to the base of the teeth. Surgery should be accompanied by a periodontal maintenance after as an adjunct.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats the diseases of the gums and the bone that holds the teeth. The most common diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. The first is one that affects the gums, the soft tissues that protect the teeth. The second, more complex, is the one that causes infections in the bone that holds the teeth and other tissues such as the periodontal ligament and the root cement.
Gum recession is the migration of the gingival margin exposing tooth root. The most common causes are periodontal disease, a traumatic brushing, dental malposition, incorrect dental treatment or mechanical trauma. Gum recession can lead to hypersensitivity to heat and cold, root caries, progressive loss of the gum and bone that supports the tooth and, in extreme cases, can lead to tooth loss. To address this problem should be eliminated first causative factor, then surgery may pose to coat the gum.
The estimuloterapia is a technique based on the nightly use of simple devices that act as stimuli and thus generate exercises to change the tone and muscle function and shape facial expression. The estimuloterapia is indicated to normalize oral dysfunctions such as bruxism (grinding of the teeth), or malocclusion, which can cause breathing problems, chewing, swallowing or tooth wear. The objective is to achieve the automated estimuloterapia exercises while the patient rests at night, without having to strive for it. Anyway, the estimuloterapia not replace the myofunctional training (conducted by speech therapists), but a method to automate the desired muscle exercises and achieve certain functional effects in the oral cavity. ...
The smile design (CAD-CAM) is the application of computer technology for the design and manufacture of dentures. The computer controlled dental treatments are also used for diagnosis and implant surgery, making minimally invasive. Using software, the dentist can plan and create dental splints as with better materials. Furthermore, the design of the CAD-CAM smile helps reduce production costs, reduce manufacturing time crowns, veneers or bridges and the number of office visits. The CAD-CAM system consists of three phases: data digitization or scanning of the part to restore computer graphics of the structure of the prosthesis (CAD) and manufacturing by a robot of the same (CAM). In the field of surgery, the technology allows for better planning, simulating the operation and provide the results of the intervention before testing.
Teeth whitening is a cosmetic treatment to remove stains and dirt from the teeth in order to recover a whiter and brighter tone of the pieces. This technique does not cause pain to the patient and can be carried out in three different ways. The first is the in-office bleaching, which usually lasts an hour and whose advantage is to get a color change in a short period of time. To do so, the dentist applies protects the gums and teeth peroxide gel of high concentration, and then may use a special laser light that facilitates the penetration of the gel into the enamel. The second treatment is a professional home kit, in which the patient applies a lower concentration of peroxide gel on the teeth, but remains longer in the tooth, can provide better results. The application of the gel takes place in a splint tailored to the teeth by the dentist. Finally, the third system is the home bleaching, in which the patient purchase a simpler kit containing a gel professional kit lower concentration, and that is applied by a single nozzle size. The success of this treatment depends on the time of use.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the one that allows people to open and close the mouth to chew, chew, speaking, breathing, yawning or gesture. This joint connects the bones of the skull and face is twofold, ie, one on each side of the head. Performs three types of movement up and down, forward, backward and both sides. The dental malocclusion, orthodontic appliances, stress and bad habits such as clenching or bite objects can alter the function of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which occurs when the opening and closing of the mouth is made with lateral deviations. This syndrome can cause pain in the jaw, ears, head, neck, back, plus trouble chewing. TMJ Treatment is aimed at addressing the causes that have caused the disorder and improve symptoms, and may include physical therapy, exercise, medication, relaxation techniques, mouth guards and surgery, although it is rare.
Dental hypersensitivity or hypersensitive teeth is a disorder that causes acute, short and transient pain to stimuli such as cold or heat. This occurs when the tooth enamel undergoes a change. Dental hypersensitivity may be mainly caused by improper brushing, caries, periodontitis, receding gums, mucogingival surgery, teeth whitening or acidic foods. The pain appears to stimuli but when it is removed, all the pain disappears in a moment. Treatment to combat hypersensitivity may be to use toothpaste for sensitive teeth and change the way of brushing. If this fails, the dentist can apply a coat of enamel on the tooth surface or if the pain is too intense, can choose to kill the nerve.
Veneers and crowns are aesthetic solutions for coating damaged teeth. The veneer is a thin sheet made as placed only on the outer surface of the tooth, attached thereto for all through a type of cement imperceptible to the eye. Its aim is to mask tooth color abnormalities or conceal an alteration in their size or shape. Veneers can be of two types: composite veneers or porcelain veneers. For its part, the dental crown is a kind of tailor-made prosthesis that covers the entire deteriorated, aiming to restore function and aesthetics of the piece natural tooth. These dental caps are indicated in decayed teeth or injury that can not be repaired. They are made of metal, ceramic or porcelain fused to metal.
Source: All information contained on this page as well as office hours available, are provided directly by the doctor who has the ability to update them at all times in order to keep the information as accurate as possible.
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