What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects the bad position of the bones and teeth by applying different types ofWhat is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects the bad position of the bones and teeth by applying different types of forces with appliances. Orthodontics is indicated for cases of crowding of teeth or when the bad position of the teeth prevents proper cleaning, which increases the risk of diseases such as caries or periodontitis. Therefore, orthodontics aims to contribute to the welfare of the patient, improving the function and aesthetics of their teeth.
The devices used can be fixed (bands and brackets) or removable, allowing the patient to remove them from the mouth during oral hygiene and during meals. Orthodontics is a technique applicable both in children and adults, although the advantage of orthodontics in children over orthodontics in adults is that it allows more effective results because it can be applied during the development of bone structures.
Advantages that orthodontics provides in adults
There are many adults with teeth that are misaligned or with dental malocclusion, which can lead to wear of the teeth and problems in the jaw. The cause can be hereditary or due to a bad position in the exit or eruption of the teeth in childhood.
At this stage the bones no longer grow, there may be a loss of the teeth or even the bone that supports them. This can be corrected with procedures such as brackets or elastic devices that allow correction of the denture in the precise direction. Although sometimes these treatments are not effective and surgery is necessary, through which the bones are well placed, since the patient has overcome the growth stage to be able to modify them. Afterwards, orthodontics can be used to achieve a stable occlusion and aligned teeth.
Among the most requested procedures is Invisalign
Types of orthodontics in adults
Among the types of orthodontics are procedures such as:
- Invisalign: is a type of invisible orthodontics that is more comfortable and hygienic.
- Lingual orthodontics: they are fine and personalized brackets for each tooth, placed on the inside, so they are also invisible.
- Sapphire brackets: they are the conventional brackets although they are made with the color of the teeth, being little visible.
- Metallic brackets: they are the conventional ones. They are usually more indicated in children, although they can also be effective in adults.
How to choose what type of orthodontics is most appropriate in an adult
The decision on which procedure to appeal should be taken together with the orthodontic specialist, since each patient needs an individualized treatment according to their needs.
Cosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments fCosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments for aesthetic purposes are oral hygiene, enamel micro-abrasion, aesthetic contouring, dental blanquamiento, restorative treatment, orthodontic and periodontal treatment. Thanks to constant technological advances, techniques and machinery to provide the patient oral aesthetics are becoming more sophisticated.
A dental implant is an artificial fixing piece in the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth. To implement it, the dentist should stick a titaA dental implant is an artificial fixing piece in the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth. To implement it, the dentist should stick a titanium screw into the jawbone, on which after a prosthetic crown (artificial tooth) is placed. This surgery can be classified into various types, according to the phases in which it is carried out: immediate dental implants, when the implant is placed immediately after tooth extraction to shortening the rehabilitation time and avoiding a second surgery; Recent dental implants, when between extraction and implant elapse between six and eight weeks; delayed implantation, when the dentist makes a regeneration of bone first, then wait for the implant about six months; and mature dental implants, if it has been more than nine months between the two phases.
The root canal is a treatment which involves cutting deep in the tooth when the area is damaged. The therapy is indicated when there is a widespread dThe root canal is a treatment which involves cutting deep in the tooth when the area is damaged. The therapy is indicated when there is a widespread dental decay or fracture that caused an inflammation or death of the dental pulp. The aim of endodontics is maintaining healthy tooth to be useful for chewing, avoiding having to extract the tooth. The technique involves removing the nerve, clean the root canal and then seal it with a thermoplastic material (gutta percha) and cement or other sealing material. Subsequently, various radiographs are necessary to ensure the accuracy of the result. The term root canal is also used as a synonym for Endodontology, a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the dental pulp.
Oral surgery is the set of surgical interventions in the mouth. One of the most frequent is applied to extract wisdom teeth, which is indicated mainly when in pain. Surgery to remove wisdom teeth is also recommended if there is infection, cyst or no space for all the teeth in the jaw. Other interventions for oral surgery are complex tooth extractions extirpation of jaw cysts, biopsies, removal of tooth roots within the bone, or implant surgery and prosthetics braces, recommended for children who have limited mobility lips and tongue be too large because the membrane holding the tongue at the bottom.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats the diseases of the gums and the bone that holds the teeth. The most common diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. The first is one that affects the gums, the soft tissues that protect the teeth. The second, more complex, is the one that causes infections in the bone that holds the teeth and other tissues such as the periodontal ligament and the root cement.
Bruxism is the action to exert pressure between the teeth and make them slide causing problems in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and wear of the surface of the teeth. The main causes of bruxism are stress, body and closing the mouth position, sleeping habits or the patient's ability to relax. Bruxism evaluation should be done with this in count in the field of dentistry and otolaryngology, since it can cause hearing disorders such as ear infections. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain, prevent tooth decay and reduce teeth grinding full. To relieve pain you can apply ice, avoid eating hard foods like nuts, candy or steaks, drink lots of water, sleep and reduce stress. The damage of the teeth, mouth prosthesis often called splints or appliances apply.
Tooth decay is a disease that affects the tissues of the teeth, which are destroyed because of the acids plaque. The teeth affected are drilled gradually, causing pain when the infection reaches the nerve. People who are often most affected are children and young people, but can occur at any age.
Source: All information contained on this page as well as office hours available, are provided directly by the doctor who has the ability to update them at all times in order to keep the information as accurate as possible.
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