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Congenital heart defects are abnormalities of the heart or great vessels that occur in utero. The best known and most common are: atrial communic
Congenital heart defects are abnormalities of the heart or great vessels that occur in utero. The best known and most common are: atrial communication, interventricular communication, and Ebstein anomaly Tetralogy of Fallot. Medical advances have allowed the treatment of these diseases and that more and more people with such anomalies comes with a good quality of life to adulthood. However, these heart disease require special attention and regular monitoring because they can be associated with other health problems. Currently, for the diagnosis and control of such diseases, there is a variety of techniques, such as echocardiography, cardiac catheterization or CT multidetector, an additional test suitable for the discovered congenital heart disease in adults or surgically corrected the childhood.
The thrombus chronic embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and pulmonary thrombosis, a condition characterized by a disproportionately high pres
The thrombus chronic embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and pulmonary thrombosis, a condition characterized by a disproportionately high pressure in the arteries of the lungs. This disease can cause the heart to suffer great distress and, if not treated early, involves serious problems, including death. The origin of pulmonary hypertension is the narrowing of blood vessels in the lungs, this happens when the pressure is accumulated by the difficulty of transporting such blood vessels. Currently, the indicated treatments for this disease: pulmonary thromboendarterectomy, a surgical technique that involves removing fatty plaques or blockages of the vessels supplying the lungs, but is contraindicated in patients with severe obstructive or restrictive lung disease; lung transplantation, indicated for those patients who are not eligible for pulmonary endarterectomy surgery.
Pericarditis is inflammation of the serous membrane, ie, the outer coat that surrounds the heart sac. It may be due to an infectious origin, or appearPericarditis is inflammation of the serous membrane, ie, the outer coat that surrounds the heart sac. It may be due to an infectious origin, or appear without apparent cause or after a general infection like pneumonia, tuberculosis ... All symptoms are cardiocirculatory from dyspnea heart failure, through oppression or symptoms of decompensation; and clinically manifested with choking and intense stabbing chest pain level. In many cases, it is generally a benign condition that refers to own treatment of the symptoms presented by the patient, but in exceptional cases, surgical treatment may be necessary. Pericarditis can give a very similar clinical cardiomyopathy but it is important to differentiate since the treatment is completely different.
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