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The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of theThe dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the larynx and vocal cords. When it occurs in children, can come from neurological disorders, malformations of the larynx, laryngeal papillomas caused by viral infections, or overly strain your voice. The latter is the most common cause that causes dysphonia in adults, and that untreated hyperfunction voice can produce other pathologies such as nodules or polyps on the vocal cords. In addition, other factors that can trigger dysphonia:grastroesofagico reflux, smoking, infections such as laryngitis or tuberculosis, neurological disorders or tumors of the larynx. Both children and adults, chronic afonia requires a medical exam to diagnose any disorder that lengthen more than two weeks, both to rule out any serious injury to prevent dysphonia become a chronic afonia and resulting in a total loss of voice. In dysphonia force generated by voice or by infections and viruses, rest and anti-inflammatory will be required, depending on the case, therapy with a speech therapist to teach the patient to use the voice well and rehabilitate.
The throat and larynx cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the cells of the larynx where the vocal cords are located. The snuff and alcohol are thThe throat and larynx cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the cells of the larynx where the vocal cords are located. The snuff and alcohol are the two main causes of the development of this disease. Depending on your location can be classified in supraglottic tumor ( above the glottis ), glottic and subglottic tumor tumor ( below the glottis ). Symptoms of throat cancer are often changes in voice, difficulty breathing and swallowing, hoarseness, cough, swelling and pain in the neck or neck expectoration. Early detection of disease is essential to increase the life expectancy of patients. The treatment is based on the extirpation of the tumor, while avoiding its extension to other parts of the body. Depending on the case, surgery may involve partial or total removal of the vocal cords, and sometimes you can choose one by treatment with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
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