Obesity surgery, known as bariatric surgery, is the set of techniques to reduce the intake or food absorption capacity. Surgery is indicated for
Obesity surgery, known as bariatric surgery, is the set of techniques to reduce the intake or food absorption capacity. Surgery is indicated for morbidly obese patients having a body mass index greater than 40kg / m2 or to those affected by severe obesity and associated diseases. Moreover, stomach surgery is performed through restrictive, malabsorptive or mixed media. The restrictive adjustable gastric banding (one ring placed around the entrance of the stomach which limits intake) gastrectomy (stomach reduction operation to remove 80 percent of its volume) and plicated tubular gastroplasty (included stomach operation that reduces the intake capacity by inward folding of the wall of the stomach itself). Malabsorptive techniques are duodenal (removal of much of the stomach joins the small intestine up to the duodenum to take half of it) and biliopancreatic diversion (halving junction of the stomach and small intestine). The combined procedure is the gastric bypass (leaving a small stomach and connected to the small intestine, using 60 percent of it). All these methods can be performed by open or laparoscopic surgery.
Thyroid cancer is the abnormal growth of cells of the thyroid gland to produce a tumor. Through a medical test can diagnose whether the gland has incrThyroid cancer is the abnormal growth of cells of the thyroid gland to produce a tumor. Through a medical test can diagnose whether the gland has increased in size, and if there is a cancerous nodule or more. For the identification of cancer varied tests by puncture biopsy of thyroid nodules or ultrasound are usually carried as blood tests. Treatment depends on the extent of the tumor in each patient. In most cases you opt for surgical removal of nodules, but other treatments include the application of high-dose thyroid hormones or surgical removal of the nodules. In thyroid cancer symptoms can be mainly swelling or tumor in the neck, hoarseness and coughing, voice changes, difficulty swallowing, and so on.
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