Infant Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of all the problems identified in the ear, nose, pharynx and larynx in children. Within this field, there are diseases which affect almost exclusively to children. The conditions that most often are usually treated in child otorhinolaryngology are hearing problems, ear infections, allergies, tonsillitis, adenoids, language problems, apnea, snoring, sinusitis, swallowing disorders and cysts or malformations in the head and neck. Prevent the development of any of these conditions is crucial for the child to grow correctly from a physical, intellectual and social. In addition, symptoms of different diseases can occur in children differently from adults.